April 16

Events in Women’s History

Harriet Quimby in 1911, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress (source)

Harriet Quimby in 1911, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress (source)

1811 – Wilhelmine Reichard becomes the first German woman to fly a balloon solo.

1912 – Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel.

Births

Anne Sophie Reventlow c. 1721 (source)

Anne Sophie Reventlow c. 1721 (source)

1693Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark and Norway as wife of Frederick IV (d. 1743)

1693 – Mary Alexander, American colonial merchant, successful and influential; her fortune was estimated at 100,000 pounds in 1743 (d. 1760)

1755Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, French painter, considered by some the most important female painter of the 18th century, portrait painter to Marie Antoinette (d. 1842)

1886 – Margaret Woodrow Wilson, American acting First Lady of the United States as daughter of Woodrow Wilson after the death of her mother, singer, translator with Joseph Campbell of The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna by Swami Nikhilananda (d. 1944)

1890 – Gertrude Chandler Warner, American author, best known for her series Boxcar Children (d. 1979)

1893 – Germaine Guèvremont, Canadian journalist and author (d. 1968)

1915 – Joan Alexander, American actress, known for her role as Lois Lane on the radio version of The Adventures of Supperman (d. 2009)

1917 – Victoria Eugenia Fernández de Córdoba, 18th Duchess of Medinaceli in her own right (d. 2013)

1919 – Nilla Pizzi, Italian singer, known for pop, rhythm and blues, and jazz music (d. 2011)

1921Marie Maynard Daly, American biochemist, discovered the link between high cholesterol and clogged arteries, first black woman to earn a PhD in chemistry (d. 2003)

1927 – Edie Adams, American stage, film and television actress, singer and businesswoman, recipient of both Emmy and Tony awards (d. 2008)

1933 – Joan Bakewell, The Baroness Blackwell, British journalist, television personality, Labor Party Peer, President of Birkbeck, University of London

1935 – Sarah Kirsch, German poet, author and translator, highly regarded in her generation, recipient of the Petrarca-Preis, the Peter-Huchel Prize and the Georg Büchner Prize awards (d. 2013)

1940 – Margrethe II, Queen regnant of Denmark

Deaths

Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha c. 1905 (source)

Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha c. 1905 (source)

1118 – Adelaide del Vasto, Countess consort of Sicily as wife of Roger II, later Queen consort of Jerusalem as wife of Baldwin I (b. 1075)

1640 – Countess Charlotte Flandrina of Nassau (b. 1579)

1689 – Aphra Behn, English author and playwright, possibly the first English professional female writer (b. 1640)

1850Marie Tussaud, French sculptor, founded Madame Tussauds Wax Museum, hired to make death masks of victims of the guillotine during the French Revolution, barely escaped the guillotine herself  (b. 1761)

1879 – Bernadette Soubirous, French mystic and saint, associated with the Marian apparition now known as Our Lady of Lourdes (b. 1844)

1942 – Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Princess consort of Hohenlohe-Langenburg as wife of Ernst II (b. 1878)

1958 – Rosalind Franklin, British biophysicist and crystallographer, made significant contributions to the understanding of molecular structure, specifically the structure of DNA (b. 1920)

1968 – Edna Ferber, American author and playwright, known for Show Boat and Cimarron, both of which were made into films, and the Pulitzer Prize winning So Big (b. 1885)

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One thought on “April 16

  1. • April 16, 2002 – U.N. Secretary-General names primatologist Jane Goodall as a United Nations Messenger of Peace.

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