April 18

Events in Women’s History

Bertha von Suttner c. 1907 (source)

Bertha von Suttner c. 1907 (source)

1518 – Bona Sforza is crowned Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania.

1905 – Baroness von Suttner receives the Nobel Peace Prize and delivers her Nobel address. She is the first woman to receive the Peace Prize and the second woman to receive a Nobel Prize.

Births

Jeanne Guyon by Frankreich Stahlstich c. 1845 (source)

Jeanne Guyon by Frankreich Stahlstich c. 1845 (source)

1115 – Gertrude of Süpplingenburg, Duchess of Bavaria, Margravine of Tuscany, and Duchess of Saxony as wife of Henry the Proud, died on her 28th birthday in childbirth (d. 1143)

1480 – Lucrezia Borgia, Italian daughter of Rodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI, and his mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei; little is known of her and her family’s political moves, although she has been portrayed in may novels and films. (d. 1519)

1648 – Jeanne Guyon, French mystic and author, better known as Madame Guyon; some of her views were considered heresy by the Roman Catholic Church and thus she spent the years from 1695 to 1703 in prison. She is known for her autobiography and A Short and Easy Method of Prayer. (d. 1717)

1874 – Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian author, particularly known for her works for children such as Croatian Tales of Long Ago and The Brave Adventures of Lapitch (d. 1938)

1889 – Jessie Street, Australian suffragette, feminist and human rights activist, initiator of the “Aboriginal” amendment of the Australian Constitution (d. 1970)

1893 – Violette Morris, French athelete and national champion, specialized in the shot put and discus throw, military nurse during WWI; she collaborated with the Gestapo during WWII and was sentenced to death in absentia. Later she was killed in the countryside by members of the French resistance. (d. 1944)

1915 – Joy Davidman, American poet and author; after divorce and conversion to Christianity, she traveled to England where she met and married C. S. Lewis. The film and play Shadowlands is based on their relationship. (d. 1960)

1917 – Frederica of Hanover, Queen consort of the Hellenes as wife of Paul of Greece (d. 1981)

1969 – Sayko Kuroda, former Princess Nori of the Japanese imperial family; She relinquished her title and position in the family when she married in 2004.

Deaths

Hürrem Sultan, 16th c. artist unknown (source)

Hürrem Sultan, 16th c. artist unknown (source)

1143 – Gertrude of Süpplingenburg, Duchess of Bavaria, Margravine of Tuscany, and Duchess of Saxony as wife of Henry the Proud, died on her 28th birthday in childbirth (b. 1115)

1558 – Hürrem Sultan, Haseki Sultan and legal wife of Suleiman the Magnificent, she was powerful and influential during the Sultanate of Women. (b. circa 1500)

1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor, art patron and collector, founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art (b. 1875)

Previous Day    –    Next Day

Leave a Reply