April 19

Events in Women’s History

Archduchess Maria Theresa c. 1729 by Andreas Möller (source)

Archduchess Maria Theresa c. 1729 by Andreas Möller (source)

1713 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that his daughter, Maria Theresa of Austria would inherit the Habsburg lands and succeed him on the Austrian throne.

1770 – Marie Antoinette marries Louis XVI by proxy.

1927 – Mae West is sentenced to 10 days in jail for obscenity for her play Sex.

1956 – Actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier of Monaco.

Births

Lucretia Garfield c. 1875, Brady-Handy Collection, Library of Congress (source)

Lucretia Garfield c. 1875, Brady-Handy Collection, Library of Congress (source)

626 – Eanflæd, Kentish princess, Queen of Northumbria as wife of Oswiu, abbess of a monastery in Whitby, England after the death of Oswiu, daughter of Edwin of Northumbria (d. 685)

1666 – Sarah Kemble Knight, colonial American teacher and businesswoman, known for her diary of her journey from Boston to New York City in 1704-05 (d. 1727)

1831 – Mary Louise Booth, American editor, author and translator, editor of Harper’s Bazaar (d. 1889)

1832 – Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, First Lady of the United States as wife of James Garfield (d. 1918)

1891 – Françoise Rosay, French actress and opera singer, legendary in French cinema, appeared in over 100 films (d. 1974)

1892 – Germaine Tailleferre, French composer, the only female member of a group of composers known as Les Six (d. 1983)

1894 – Elizabeth Dilling, American concert harpist, author, anti-Communist and  antisemitic activist (d. 1966)

1926 – Rawya Ateya, Egyptian politician, educator and journalist (d. 1997)

1933 – Jayne Mansfield, American model, actress, and singer (d. 1967)

Deaths

Christina of Sweden by Sébastien Bourdon (source)

Christina of Sweden by Sébastien Bourdon (source)

1689 – Christina, Queen regnant of Sweden, abdicated and converted to Roman Catholicism in 1654 (b. 1626)

1733 – Elizabeth Hamilton, Countess of Orkney, mistress of William III & II, lady-in-waiting to Queen Mary II (b. 1655)

1941 – Johanna Müller-Hermann, Austrian composer of orchestral and chamber music, known for her oratorio, In Memoriam, to text by Walt Whitman (b. 1878)

1989 – Daphne du Maurier, British author and playwright, known for Rebecca, Jamaica Inn and The Birds among others (b. 1907)

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2 thoughts on “April 19

  1. • April 19, 1977 – In the House of Representatives, 15 women, led by co-chairs Elizabeth Holtzman (D-NY) and Margaret Heckler (R-MA), form the Congressional Caucus for Women’s Issues

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