April 21

Events in Women’s History

1944 – The French provisional government gives suffrage to women.

Births

Raden Ayu Kartini, Tropenmuseum of the Royal Tropical Institute (source)

Raden Ayu Kartini, Tropenmuseum of the Royal Tropical Institute (source)

1673 – Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Hungary, Queen of Bohemia, etc. as wife of Joseph I (d. 1742)

1767 – Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, Duchess of Württemberg by birth, Archduchess of Austria as wife of Archduke Francis (d. 1790)

1816 – Charlotte Brontë, English author and poet, eldest of the three Brontë sisters who were authors, known for her novel Jane Eyre (d. 1855)

1859 – Belle Case LaFollette, American lawyer, suffragist and women’s rights activist primarily in Wisconsin (d. 1931)

1879 – Raden Ayu Kartini, Javanese and Indonesian national heroine, women’s rights activist (d. 1904)

1891 – Georgia Harkness, American Christian theologian, first woman to become a full professor in a United States theological seminary, leader in the ecumenical movement and the movement to gain ordination for women in American Methodism (d. 1974)

1916 – Estella Diggs, American businesswoman, author and politician (d. 2013)

1926 – Elizabeth II, Queen regnant of The United Kingdom and head of the Commonwealth of Nations

1930 – Hilda Hilst, Brazilian author, poet, and playwright (d. 2004)

1930 – Silvana Mangano, Italian dancer, beauty queen and actress (d. 1989)

1932 – Elaine May, American actress, director, and screenwriter, two time Academy Award nominee and recipient of the National Medal of Arts

1939 – Helen Prejean, American nun, author and activist, advocate for the abolition of the death penalty

1942 – Laine Kallas, Estonian agricultural scientist and runner, gold medal recipient at the Summer Universiade in 1965 representing the Soviet Union

Deaths

Eleonora Duse, The World's Work, 1902 (source)

Eleonora Duse, The World’s Work, 1902 (source)

1924 – Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)

2003 – Nina Simone, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and activist (b. 1933)

2013 – Shakuntala Devi, Indian mental calculator, astrologer and author, known for her fiction and non-fiction (b. 1929)

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