April 30

Events in Women’s History

Queen Wilhelmina and future Queen Juliana in 1914, George Grantham Bain Collection, LOC (source)

Queen Wilhelmina and future Queen Juliana in 1914, George Grantham Bain Collection, LOC (source)

1927 – The Federal Industrial Institute, the first United States federal prison for Women, opens in Alderson, West Virginia.

1937 – Women in the Philippines win the right to vote as a result of a special plebiscite. Over 90% vote in the affirmative.

1980 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands abdicates in favor of her daughter Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands.

2009 – An assassination attempt on Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands leaves seven dead and 17 injured.

2013 – Thirty-three years after becoming Queen regnant, Beatrix of the Netherlands abdicates in favor of her son Willem-Alexander.

Births

Louise of Lorraine c. 1580 by François Clouet (source)

Louise of Lorraine c. 1580 by François Clouet (source)

1553 – Louise of Lorraine, Queen consort of France as wife of Henry III (d. 1601)

1662 – Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland, reigned jointly with her husband William III and II (d. 1694)

1871 – Louise Homer, American operatic contralto, sang a broad repertoire in French, German and Italian, known for roles in the operas of Verdi and Wagner (d. 1947)

1877 – Alice B. Toklas, American-born French salon hostess and author, known primarily for her relationship with Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)

1898 – Katherine Amelia Towle, American Colonel, second director of the United States Marine Corps Women’s Reserve, first Director of Women Marines (d. 1986)

1908 – Eve Arden, American actress, best known as a high school teacher in Our Miss Brooks and a high school principal in Grease (d. 1990)

1909 – Juliana, Queen regnant of the Netherlands from 1948 to 1980 when she abdicated in favor of her daughter Beatrix (d. 2004)

1921 – Tove Maës, Danish actress, three-time recipient of the Bodil Award for Best Actress (d. 2010)

Deaths

Amalasuntha, Woodcut from the Nuremberg Chronicles c. 1493 (source)

Amalasuntha, Woodcut from the Nuremberg Chronicles c. 1493 (source)

534 – Amalasuntha, Queen regent of the Ostrogoths for her son Athalaric until her murder in 534/535 (b. 495)

1672 – Marie of the Incarnation, French nun, founder of the Ursuline Order in New France (Quebec), beatified in the Roman Catholic Church in 1980 (b. 1599)

1903 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician, suffragist and women’s rights activist, campaigned for women’s medical education in Canada (b. 1831)

1943 – Beatrice Webb, British sociologist, economist and social reformer, one of the co-founders of the London School of Economics (b. 1858)

1961 – Jessie Redmon Fauset, American author, poet and editor, editor for the NAACP magazine The Crisis and the children’s magazine Brownies’ Book, considered one of the most intelligent novelists of the Harlem Renaissance (b. 1882)

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