April 4

Events in Women’s History

1887 – Susanna M. Salter is elected  as mayor of Argonia, Kansas. She is first female mayor in the United States.

Births

Maria II, Queen of Portugal c. 1829 by Thomas Lawrence (source)

Maria II, Queen of Portugal c. 1829 by Sir Thomas Lawrence (source)

1785 – Bettina von Arnim, German author, publisher, musician and visual artist (d. 1859)

1802 – Dorothea Dix, American activist for the mentally ill, Superintendent of Nurses during the American civil War (d. 1887)

1819 – Maria II, Queen regnant of Portugal and the Algarves (d. 1853)

1837 – Abbie Park Ferguson, American educator, founder with Anna Bliss of Huguenot College in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1919)

1869 – Mary Colter, American interior designer and architect, known for the Desert View Watchtower at the Grand Canyon National Park and Hermit’s Rest among others (d. 1958)

1872 – Mary Coffin Ware Dennett, American activist, advocate of women’s rights, birth control, sex education and women’s suffrage (d. 1947)

1881 – Maude Frazier, American politician, first woman Lt. Governor of Nevada (d. 1963)

1902 – Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French journalist, author and poet (d. 1969)

1905 – Erika Nõva, Estonian architect, first woman to receive a degree in architecture in Estonia, known for farmhouse designs (d. 1987)

1914 – Marguerite Duras, French author, screenwriter, and director (d. 1996)

1926 – Mildred Fay Jefferson, American physician and anti-abortion activist (d. 2010)

1928 – Maya Angelou, American author, poet, actress, and director, recipient of many honors, including three Grammy Awards, The National Medal of Arts, the Presidential Medal of Freedom and nominations for a Pulitzer Prize and a Tony Award

1928 – Estelle Harris, American comedic and voice actress

Deaths

Elizabeth Custer and the General c. 1860, by Matthew Brady, Library of Congress (source)

Elizabeth Custer and the General c. 1860, by Matthew Brady, Library of Congress (source)

1933 – Elizabeth Bacon Custer, American author and lecturer, largely responsible for the view of her husband, General George Custer, as a fallen hero (b. 1842) Note: This is a retouched photo. The original can be found here at the Library of Congress.

1983 – Gloria Swanson, American actress, singer, and producer (b. 1899)

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