Events in Women’s History
1614 – Pocahontas, an American Indian from the tidewater area of Virginia, marries English colonist John Rolfe.
1922 – The American Birth Control League, founded by Margaret Sanger and forerunner of Planned Parenthood, is incorporated in New York.
1992 – Peace protesters Suada Dilberovic and Olga Sučić are killed on the Vrbanja Bridge in Sarajevo, becoming the first casualties of the Bosnian War. (There is some dispute over who shot them.)
1170 – Isabella of Hainault, Queen consort of France as wife of Philip II (d. 1190)
1472 – Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress as second wife of Maximilian I (d. 1510)
1692 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress, her death inspired plays, opera and a poem by Voltaire (d. 1730)
1761 – Sybil Ludington, American Revolutionary War heroine, famous for her ride to warn American colonial forces of the approach of the British on April 26, 1777; she rode twice the distance of Paul Revere and was only 16 years old at the time. (d. 1839)
1825 – Mary Jane Hawes Holmes, American author of novels and short stories, sold 2 million books in her lifetime second only to Harriet Beecher Stowe; she has received renewed recognition and appraisal since the late 20th century. (d. 1907)
1863 – Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Princess Louis of Battenberg as wife of Prince Louis of Battenberg, later Victoria Mountbatten, Marchioness of Milford Haven (d. 1950)
1873 – Nellie Neilson, American historian, first woman elected a fellow of the Medieval Academy of America (1926), first woman to serve as president of the American Historical Association (d. 1947)
1901 – Hattie Elizabeth Alexander, American pediatrician and microbiologist, developed treatments for Haemophilus influenzae infection, one of the first scientists to study antibiotic resistant bacteria, first woman elected president of the American Pediatric Society (d. 1968)
1908 – Bette Davis, American actress, celebrated leading lady of stage, film and television (d. 1989)
1933 – Barbara Holland, American author of articles, short stories, children’s books, essays and a memoir, known for her defense of vice in such collections as Endangered Pleasures: In Defense of Naps, Bacon, Martinis, Profanity, and Other Indulgences (d. 2010)
1949 – Judith Arlene Resnik, American engineer and NASA astronaut; she died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster January 28, 1986.
1693 – Anne Marie Louise d’Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier, French heiress, called one the “greatest heiresses in history”; in spite of proposals from Europe’s ruling families, she never married after Louis XIV refused permission to marry her love interest, Antoine Nompar de Caumont. (b. 1627)
1989 – María Cristina Gómez, Salvadoran educator and community leader (b. 1938)