Events in Women’s History
1511 – St John’s College, Cambridge, England, receives its charter. It is founded according to the wishes and with money from the estate of Lady Margaret Beaufort.
1939 – Marian Anderson sings at the Lincoln Memorial to a crowd of approximately 75,000, after being denied the right to sing at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution.
1634 – Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau, regent for her son, Henry Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz, in Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe (d. 1696)
1827 – Maria Susanna Cummins, American author; her first book, The Lamplighter, was her most successful, selling 40,000 copies in 8 weeks in 1854. (d. 1866)
1837 – Florence Smith Price, African-American classical composer, possibly the first black woman recognized as a symphonic composer in the United States; she left a large body of work, including compositions for orchestra, pianoforte and organ, chamber music, choral and solo vocal pieces and arrangements of spirituals. (d. 1953)
1925 – Virginia Gibson, American actress, singer, and dancer, known for her roles in musical theater, co-hosted the ABC children’s documentary Discovery (d. 2013)
1929 – Sharan Rani Backliwal, Indian classical musician and scholar, known for her expertise on the sarod and her collection of over 300 15th to 19th century musical instruments (d. 2008)
1948 – Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan, Indian actress and politician, recipient of many honors and awards for her acting, reelected to her seat in parliament in 2012
1768 – Sarah Fielding, English author, primarily of children’s literature, known for The Governess, or The Little Female Academy (b. 1710)
1909 – Helena Modjeska, Polish actress, known for Shakespearean and tragic roles; she later emigrated to the United States and continued her career there. (b. 1840)
1944 – Yevgeniya Rudneva, Ukrainian navigator, Hero of the Soviet Union; she flew 645 night combat missions during WWII and was shot down during her last mission. (b. 1920)