August 1

Events in Women’s History

Harriet Quimby c. 1912 (source)

Harriet Quimby c. 1912 (source)

1786Caroline Herschel discovers the first of eight comets.

1911 – Harriet Quimby passes her pilot’s test becoming the first woman in the United States to receive an Aero Club of America aviator’s certificate.

1980 – Vigdis Finnbogadottir takes office as the President of Iceland, becoming the country’s first woman president.

Births

Maria Mitchell, painting by H. Dasell, 1851

Maria Mitchell, painting by H. Dasell, 1851 (source)

1818 – Maria Mitchell, American astronomer, known for her discovery of a comet, first American woman to work as a professional astronomer (d. 1889)

1837 – Mary Harris “Mother” Jones was a teacher and dressmaker until her husband and children died of yellow fever and she became an American labor organizer. She was born at the end of July, but baptized Aug 1. (d. 1930)

1841 – Lilli Suburg, Estonian journalist, writer, journalist and feminist, established a girls school in Pärnu, published the first women’s magazine in Estonia (d. 1923)

1886 – Evelyn Walsh McLean, American heiress and socialite, last private owner of the 45 carat Hope Diamond and the 94 carat Star of the East (d. 1947)

1892 – Gin Kanie and Kin Narita, maiden name Yano, Japanese identical twins who lived to be 108 and 107, respectively  (d. 2001 and 2000)

1911 – Jackie Ormes, American cartoonist, first female African American cartoonist in the United States, known for the comic strips Torchy Brown and Patty-Jo ‘n’ Ginger (d. 1985)

1916 – Anne Hébert, CC OQ, Canadian author and poet, three-time recipient of the Governor General’s Award (d. 2000)

1929 – Ann Calvello, American roller derby racer, known for her unconventional looks and her temper as well as a career spanning seven decades; Demon Of The Derby is a documentary about Calvello. (d. 2006)1930 – Julie Bovasso, American actress (d. 1991)

1932 – Meena Kumari, Indian actress and poet, considered one of the most influential Hindi actress of all time (d. 1972)

Deaths

Lydia Litvyak

Lydia Litvyak (source)

1714 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland; daughter of James, the Catholic brother of Charles; she succeeded her brother-in-law William III, the wife of her elder sister Mary. (b. 1665)

1863 – Jind Kaur, Maharani of the Sikh Empire as wife of Ranjit Singh, mother of and regent for the last Maharaja, Duleep Singh; her story is told in the film The Rebel Queen, premiered at the 2010 New York International Sikh Film Festival.  (b. 1817)

1903 – Calamity Jane, American frontierswoman and professional scout (b. 1853)

1943 – Lydia Litvyak, Soviet fighter pilot during WWII. She was shot down during the Battle of Kursk and presumed dead. (b. 1921)

1983 – Lilian Mercedes Letona, Salvadoran guerrilla and activist, member of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN); her nom de guerre was Comandante Clelia. (b. 1954)

1987Pola Negri, born Apolonia Chałupiec, Polish international stage and film star with a long and varied career (b. 1897)

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