August 15

Events in Women’s History

Ethel Barrymore in 1901

Ethel Barrymore in 1901 (source)

1970 – Patricia Palinkas became the first woman to play professionally in an American football game as a placekick holder for the Orlando Panthers.

1974 – Yuk Young-soo, First Lady of South Korea, is killed during an apparent assassination attempt upon President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee.

1995 – In South Carolina, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet to enroll at The Citadel (she drops out less than a week later).

Births

Henrietta Vinton Davis c. 1893 (source)

Henrietta Vinton Davis c. 1893 (source)

1841 – Julia Tutwiler, American educator and social reformer, advocate for prison reform, president of Livingston Normal College, inductee into the Alabama Women’s Hall of Fame (d. 1916)

1848 – Edith Nesbit, British author, poet and political activist, known for children’s books published under the name E. Nesbit, co-founder of the Fabian Society (d. 1924)

1860 – Henrietta Vinton Davis, American orator, elocutionist, actress and playwright, first international organizer for the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), signatory of The Declaration of the Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World, served as an officer in the UNIA-ACL and later the rival UNIA, Inc. (d. 1941)

1860Florence Harding, American publisher, First Lady of the United States as wife of Warren G. Harding (d. 1924)

1879 – Ethel Barrymore, American stage and film actress, television personality, recipient of an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress; her career spanned the years 1895 to 1957. (d. 1959)

1885 – Edna Ferber, American author, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for the novel So Big; at least three of her novels were made into films, So Big (silent), Show Boat, and Cimarron. (d. 1968)

1887 – Marion Eugenié Bauer, American composer, educator and author, composed piano, orchestral and voice pieces, associated with New York University and Juilliard, editor of the Musical Leader, author of several books including Twentieth Century Music (d. 1955)

1896Gerty Radnitz Cori, Czech-born American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; her work (with her husband) on carbohydrate metabolism was designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark. (d. 1957)

1896 – Catherine Doherty, Baroness de Hueck, Russian-Canadian social worker, author and activist, Red Cross nurse during WWI, founder of the Madonna House Apostolate, recipient of many awards including the Cross of St. George and the Order of St. Anna for her service during the war (d. 1985)

1912 – Julia Child, American chef and author, credited with bringing French cooking to America, known for her cookbook Mastering the Art of French Cooking (d. 2004)

1924 – Phyllis Schlafly, an American lawyer and conservative activist known for her opposition to the Equal Rights Amendment.

1938 – Maxine Waters, American politician, member of the United States House of Representatives for California, former member of the California Assembly, member and former Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus

1945 – Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician, Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 1991-1996 and 2001-2006, currently chairperson of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party

Deaths

1369Philippa of Hainault, Queen of England as wife of Edward III  (b. 1314)

1936 – Grazia Deledda, Italian author, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1926 (b. 1871)

1981 – Carol Ryrie Brink, American author of children’s and young adult books, recipient of the Newbery Medal and Lewis Carroll Shelf Award for her novel Caddie Woodlawn (b. 1895)

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Gerty Radnitz Cori c. 1947, National Institutes of Health (source)

Gerty Radnitz Cori c. 1947, National Institutes of Health (source)

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