August 18

Events in Women’s History

Margaret of Valois and Henry III of Navarre

Margaret of Valois and Henry III of Navarre (source)

1572 – Margaret of Valois is married to the Huguenot King Henry III of Navarre at Notre Dame in Paris.

1587 – Virginia Dare, granddaughter of Governor John White of the Colony of Roanoke, becomes the first English child born in the Americas.

1920 – The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing women’s suffrage.

Births

Portrait of Marie Louise Gonzaga c. 1650 attributed to Justus van Egmont

Marie Louise Gonzaga c. 1650 attributed to Justus van Egmont (source)

1579 – Charlotte Flandrina, Countess of Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and Charlotte of Bourbon (d. 1640)

1587 – Virginia Dare, granddaughter of Governor John White of the Colony of Roanoke, becomes the first English child born in the Americas.

1606 – Maria Anna of Spain, Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungry and Bohemia as wife of Ferdinand III (d. 1646)

1611 – Marie Louise Gonzaga, Queen consort of Poland as the wife of Władysław IV Vasa and later John II Casimir Vasa (d. 1650)

1819 – Maria Nikolaievna of Russia, Duchess of Leuchtenberg as wife of Maximilian, art collector, President of the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (d. 1876)

1885 – Gertrude “Nettie” Higgins Palmer, Australian poet and essayist, one of Australia’s leading literary critics (d. 1964)

1902 – Margaret Murie, American environmentalist and author, called the “Grandmother of the Conservation Movement”, instrumental in the passage of the Wilderness Act and in creating the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (d. 2003)

1911 – Amelia Boynton Robinson, American suffragist, civil rights activist and playwright, leader in the American Civil Rights Movement, founding vice-president of the Schiller Institute, recipient of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Freedom Medal

1921 – Lydia Litvyak, Soviet fighter pilot during WWII, first female fighter pilot to earn the title fighter ace, record holder of the greatest number of kills for a woman fighter pilot; she was shot down during the Battle of Kursk and presumed dead. (d. 1943)

1927 – Rosalynn Carter, First Lady of the United States as wife of Jimmy Carter, mental health advocate, close advisor to her husband during their time in the White House, American envoy abroad; she is co-founder of The Carter Center, where she and her husband are involved in many activities to help humanity.

1928 – Marge Schott, American businesswoman, managing general partner, president and CEO of the Cincinnati Reds baseball team, controversial for her racist and anti-semitic remarks, banned from managing the team by Major League Baseball for similar statements in 1996. (d. 2004)

Deaths

1318 – Clare of Montefalco, Italian Augustinian nun and abbess, canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 1881 (b. 1268)

1645 – Eudoxia Streshneva, Tsaritsa of Russia as second wife of Michael I of Russia (b. 1608)

Previous Day    –    Next Day

Yevdokiya Streshnyova, Tsaritsa of All Russia

Eudoxia Streshneva, Tsaritsa of All Russia (source)

Leave a Reply