August 25

Events in Women’s History

1950 – Althea Gibson makes her debut at the United States National Championships (US Open). She is the first black player to do so. It was also her 23rd birthday. The next year, she was the first black competitor at Wimbledon.

Births

Marie Eugénie de Jésus

Marie Eugénie de Jésus c. 1880 (source)

1817 – Marie-Eugénie de Jésus, French nun and saint, founder of the Religious of the Assumption, canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 2007 (d. 1898)

1828 – Jane Lathrop Stanford, American educator and philanthropist, co-founder of Stanford University; she funded and operated the university after her husband’s death in order to keep it open; her death remains a mystery. (d. 1905)

1860 – Henrietta Vinton Davis, African American actor, elocutionist, dramatic reader, playright and International organizer (d. 1941)

1905 – Mary Faustina Kowalska, Polish nun, mystic, and visionary, canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 2000; she is venerated as the Apostle of Divine Mercy. (d. 1938)

1910 – Dorothea Tanning, American artist and author; although primarily a painter, she sculpted, designed sets and costumes and even did some acting; near the end of her life, she focused on her writing, becoming a poet in her 80s. (d. 2012)

1924 – Zsuzsa Körmöczy, Hungarian tennis player, named Hungarian Sportswoman of the Year in 1958 (d. 2006)

1925 – Thea Astley, Australian author and educator, successful for over 40 years, recipient of many Miles Franklin Awards for her work (d. 2004)

1927 – Althea Gibson, American athlete, tennis champion and professional golfer, first black athlete to play in international tennis, on the women’s professional golf tour and to win a Grand Slam, voted Female Athlete of the Year in 1957 and 1958 by the Associated Press (d. 2003)

1937 – Virginia Euwer Wolff, American children’s author, known for the award winning series Make Lemonade

Deaths

1482 – Margaret of Anjou, Queen consort of England as wife of Henry VI, often ruled in her husband’s place, principal figure in the Wars of the Roses (b. 1429)

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Margaret of Anjou

Margaret of Anjou from an illuminated manuscript by the Talbot Master (source)

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