Events in Women’s History
1920 – The 19th amendment to United States Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote.
1970 – Betty Friedan leads a nation-wide Women’s Strike for Equality in the United States, commemorating the 50th anniversary of women’s right to vote.
1971 – Bella Abzug introduced the legislation proclaiming August 26 as Women’s Equality Day.
1989 – Mayumi Moriyama is appointed chief cabinet secretary in the cabinet of Toshiki Kaifu. She is the first woman to hold this position. In 1992, she became the first woman to hold the position of Minister of Education in Japan.
1695 – Marie-Anne-Catherine Quinault, French singer and composer, composed motets for the Royal Chapel at the Place of Versailles, awarded the Order of Saint Michael (d. 1791)
1826 – Princess Alexandra of Bavaria, abbess of the Royal Chapter for Ladies of Saint Anne in Munich and Würzburg, author and translator (d. 1875)
1827 – Annie Turner Wittenmyer, American reformer, author, magazine editor and relief worker, first President of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, President of the Woman’s Relief Corps (d. 1900)
1864 – Anna Ulyanova, Russian revolutionary and stateswoman, sister of Vladimir Lenin (d. 1935)
1874 – Zona Gale, American author and playwright, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1921 (d. 1938)
1878 – Lina Solomonovna Stern, Soviet scientist and humanist, known for pioneering work on the blood-brain barrier; her medical discoveries are credited with saving thousands of lives during WWII; she was arrested, tried and sentenced to prison when the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee was eliminated by Stalin in 1949. (d. 1968)
1898 – Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (d. 1979)
1901 – Eleanor Dark, Australian author, known for her novel The Timeless Land, recipient of the Australian Literature Society Gold Medal for both novels Prelude to Christopher and Return to Coolami (d. 1985)
1903 – Caroline Pafford Miller, American author, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize and the Prix Femina for her novel Lamb in His Bosom (d. 1992)
1910 – Mother Teresa, Indian missionary, founder of the Missionaries of Charity, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize among other honors (d. 1997)
1935 – Geraldine Ferraro, American attorney, author and politician, member of the United States House of Representatives, first woman to run as vice president for a major US political party (d. 2011)
1551 – Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Sweden as wife of Gustav I (b. 1516)
1946 – Jeanie MacPherson, American actress and screenwriter, founding member of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (b. 1887)
1976 – Lotte Lehmann, German operatic soprano, author, poet and painter, known for her performances of Lieder and her many recordings, helped establish the Music Academy of the West in Santa Barbara, California (b. 1888)