August 27

Events in Women’s History

Margaret of France, 1197

Margaret of France (source)

1172– Margaret of France and Henry the Young King are crowned in Winchester Cathedral to appease Margaret’s father Louis VII of France. Her husband had been crowned as co-ruler with his father Henry II in 1170.

1927 – Five Canadian women file a petition to the Supreme Court of Canada, asking, “Does the word ‘Persons’ in Section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867, include female persons?”

Births

Anne Marie d'Orléans c. 1684 possibly by Louis Ferdinand Elle (source)

Anne Marie d’Orléans c. 1684 possibly by Louis Ferdinand Elle (source)

1487 – Anna of Brandenburg, Duchess consort of Schleswig and Holstein as wife of Frederick I prior to his ascension to the throne of Denmark (d. 1514)

1669 – Anne Marie d’Orléans, Queen consort of Sardinia and Duchess consort of Savoy as wife of Victor Amadeus II (d. 1728)

1796 – Sophia Smith, American philanthropist, founder of Smith College for women (d. 1870)

1805 – Sallie Gordon Law, American nurse, first recorded nurse in the Civil War, president of the Southern Mothers’ Association (d. 1894)

1833 – Margarethe Meyer Schurz, German-American educator, opened the first German-language kindergarten in the United States, won Elizabeth Peabody to the kindergarten cause (d. 1876)

1872 – Mary Anderson, American labor leader and activist, leader in the Women’s Trade Union League, first director of the Women’s Bureau in the U.S. Department of Labor (d. 1964)

1875 – Katharine McCormick, American biologist, philanthropist, and activist, established the Neuroendocrine Research Foundation at Harvard, funded research into oral contraception from the development and testing of the first pill through the 1960s (d. 1967)

1886 – Rebecca Clarke, British composer and violist, one of the first female professional orchestral musicians; much of her work has not been published; the Rebecca Clarke Society was formed in 2000. (d. 1979)

1896 – Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress, considered one of the great Soviet actresses in both tragedy and comedy, recipient of the Stalin Prizes in 1949 and 1951 as the title of People’s Artist of the USSR (d. 1984)

1904 – Norah Lofts, British author, known primarily for historical fiction, recipient of the National Book Award (from the American Booksellers Association); a number of her books were made into films. (d. 1983)

1912 – Gloria Guinness, Mexican author, editor, socialite, fashion icon and possible spy, contributing editor to Harper’s Bazaar; as the Countess von Fürstenberg, she lived in neutral Madrid during WWII and supposedly maintained friendships with prominent Nazis. (d. 1980)

1932 – Lady Antonia Fraser, British author, known for history, biographies and fiction, recipient of a number of awards including the James Tait Black Memorial Prize and the Historical Association Norton Medlicott Medal

1937 – Alice Coltrane, American jazz pianist, harpist, composer and bandleader, spiritual director of Shanti Anantam Ashram, established the Vedantic Center in California (d. 2007)

Deaths

Margaret Bourke-White in 1964 by Cyreenik at en.wikipedia (source)

Margaret Bourke-White in 1964 by Cyreenik at en.wikipedia (source)

1964 – Gracie Allen, American actress and comedienne, known as the zany partner of her husband comedian George Burns, inductee of the Television Hall of Fame (b. 1895)

1968 – Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark,  Duchess of Kent as wife of Prince George, Duke of Kent (b. 1906)

1969 – Dame Ivy Compton-Burnett, British novelist, recipient of the James Tait Black Memorial Prize, known for novels Mother and Son and Manservant and Maidservant (b. 1884)

1969 – Erika Mann, German actress, journalist and author, one of the few women to cover the Nuremburg Trials, reported on the Spanish Civil War with her brother Klaus, author of Escape to Life about German exiles during WWII and School for Barbarians about Nazi Germany’s education system (b. 1905)

1971 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photographer and journalist, war correspondent, photographed the first cover for Life magazine, known for photographing the Buchenwald concentration camp and for chronicling the violence during the independence and partitioning of India and Pakistan (b. 1906)

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