August 28

Events in Women’s History

Woman protesting outside the White House. Harris &Ewing, Photographer, National Archives and Records

Woman protesting outside the White House. Harris &Ewing, Photographer, National Archives and Records

1913 – Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague which houses the International Court of Justice .

1917 – Protests for woman suffrage outside the White House picked up, comparing President Wilson to the German Kaiser. This resulted in arrests, sentencing to work camps and force feeding.

Births

Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Queen of Germany and Holy Roman Empress by Johann Gottfried Auerbach

Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Queen of Germany and Holy Roman Empress by Johann Gottfried Auerbach (source)

1667 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen consort of Denmark and Norway as wife of Frederick IV (d. 1721)

1691 – Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Queen of Germany, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary, and Holy Roman Empress as wife of Charles VI (d. 1750)

1694 – Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Grand Duchess of Russia as wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich (d. 1715)

1774 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, American nun and educator, established first Catholic school in the United States, founder of the Sisters of Charity the first American congregation of religious sisters, canonized in the Roman Catholic Church in 1975 (d. 1821)

1789 –  Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden as wife of Charles (d. 1860)

1827 –Catherine Mikhailovna, Grand Duchess of Russia as daughter of Michael Pavlovich (youngest son of Tsar Paul I), Duchess George Augustus of Mecklenburg-Strelitz as wife of Georg August (d. 1894)

1831 – Lucy Webb Hayes, First Lady of the United States as wife of Rutherford B Hayes, supporter of the temperance movement and anti-slavery; although her husband banned liquor from the White House, she is sometimes referred to as “Lemonade Lucy” because of her temperance stance. (d. 1889)

1834 – Clara Erskine Clement, American traveler and author; some of her works include a biography of Charlotte Cushman, History of Egypt, and Women Artists in Europe and America. (d. 1916)

1859 – Matilda Howell, American archer and Olympic medalist, recipient of three gold medals in archery at the 1904 Summer Olympics (d. 1938)

1915 – Tasha Tudor, American author and illustrator of children’s books, recipient of the Caldecott Honors for Mother Goose, known for her series of books about Corgis beginning with Corgiville Fair (d. 2008)

1916 – Hélène Baillargeon, Canadian singer, actor, folklorist and radio host of Chez Hélène (d. 1997)

1924 – Janet Frame, pseudonym of Nene Janet Paterson Clutha, New Zealand author, known for her literary work as well as her personal history; her book The Lagoon and Other Stories won the Hubert Church Memorial Award just days before she was scheduled to have a lobotomy; she was the recipient of many other honors and awards for her work. (d. 2004)

Deaths

632 – Fatimah, daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his wife Khadijah; she is venerated in Islam because of her closeness to and support of her father Muhammad as well as the importance of her husband and sons to the religion. (b. 605)

770 – Kōken, Empress of Japan, the sixth of eight women to rule Japan as Empress regnant according to the traditional order of succession. (b. 718)

1665 – Elisabetta Sirani, Italian Baroque painter and printmaker, most famous woman
artist in early modern Bologna, established an academy for other female artists, died
in unexplained circumstances (b. 1638)

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Elisabetta Sirani, self-portrait (source)

Elisabetta Sirani, self-portrait (source)

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