August 4

Events in Women’s History

1944 – A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to find and arrest Jewish diarist Anne Frank, her family, and four others.

Births

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother painted by Richard Stone in 1986.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother by Richard Stone in 1986 (source)

1900 – Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress consort of India as wife of George VI, mother of Queen Elizabeth II  (d. 2002)

1904 – Helen Kane, American singer and actress, known for the song “I Wanna Be Loved By You”, possible inspiration for the cartoon character Betty Boop (d. 1966)

1906 – Marie José of Belgium, the last Queen of Italy; because her tenure as Queen lasted only 35 days, she is sometimes called “the May Queen.” (d. 2001)

1910 – Anita Page, American actress, born Anita Evelyn Pomares, very popular during the silent film era, returned to acting in 1996 at the age of 86; of Salvadoran ancestry, she was sometimes called the “blond, blue-eyed Latin.” (d. 2008)

1910 – Hedda Sterne, Romanian-American painter, known for Abstract Expressionism and Surrealism, member of “The Irascible Eighteen” (d. 2011)

1920 – Helen Thomas, American journalist, columnist, news service reporter, member of the White House press corps; she covered 11 U.S. presidents from Eisenhower to Obama; she is credited with several firsts for women, first woman officer of the National Press Club, first female member of the Gridiron Club and the White House Correspondents’ Association and its first woman president. (d. 2013)

1938 – Ellen Schrecker, American historian, known for her work on McCarthyism

Deaths

Gertrude of Saxony

Gertrude of Saxony (source)

1113 – Gertrude of Saxony, Countess consort of Holland and Flanders as wife of Floris I and Robert I, respectively; regent for her son Dirk V, Count of Holland.  (b. 1030)

1849 – Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian revolutionary, comrade-in-arms and later wife of Giuseppe Garibaldi (b. 1821)

1892 – Ernestine Louise Rose, atheist, feminist and abolitionist, intellectual force behind the women’s rights movement of the 19th century (b. 1810)

1938 – Pearl White, American stage and film actress, known as the “Queen of the serials” and for doing her own stunts in The Perils of Pauline (b. 1889)

1958 – Ethel Anderson, Australian poet, author and painter, known as an emissary for modernism (b. 1883)

1997 – Jeanne Calment, French supercentenarian; 122 years and 164 days at her death, she is the longest-living human in recorded history. (b. 1875)

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