August 5

Events in Women’s History

Bertha Benz c. 1870

Bertha Benz c. 1870 (source)

1529 – The Treaty of Cambrai is signed. The negotiations were conducted primarily by Louise of Savoy for the French and Margaret of Austria for her nephew, Charles V, Holy Roman Empror, leading to the treaty being known as the Paix des Dames, or the Ladies’ Peace.

1888 – Bertha Benz drives round trip from Mannheim to Pforzheim in the first long distance automobile trip. The route is commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route.

Births

Queen Carola, the last Queen of Saxony

Queen Carola, the last Queen of Saxony (source)

1565 – Paola Massarenghi, IItalian composer; her only composition to survive is a spiritual madrigal, Quando spiega l’insegn’al sommo padre. (d. 1565)

1828 – Louise of the Netherlands, Queen consort of Sweden and Norway as wife of Charles XV and IV (d. 1871)

1833 – Carola of Vasa, Princess of Sweden and the last Queen consort of Saxony (d. 1907)

1876 – Mary Ritter Beard, American historian, archivist, suffragist and activist, advocate of social justice in labor and women’s rights; author of a number of books including On Understanding Women, America Through Women’s Eyes, and Woman As Force In History: A Study in Traditions and Realities. (d. 1958)

1880 – Gertrude Rush, first African American female lawyer in Iowa, co-founder of the National Bar Association (d. 1962)

1880 – Ruth Sawyer, American author, known primarily for her work in children’s literature, recipient of the Newbery Medal for Roller Skates in 1937 (d. 1970)

1906 – Joan Hickson, OBE, British actress, known primarily for her portrayal of the title character in the television series Miss Marple (d. 1998)

1918 – Betty Oliphant, Canadian ballerina and co-founder of the National Ballet School of Canada (d. 2004)

1926 – Betsy Jolas, French composer, important post WWII composer, professor at Mills College

1939 – Princess Irene of the Netherlands, daughter of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands; known for her controversial conversion to Roman Catholicism and marriage to Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma.

Deaths

1901 – Victoria, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, German Empress and Queen consort of Prussia as wife of Frederick III, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1840)

1929 – Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist, feminist and political leader, president of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies, advocate for higher education for women (b. 1847)

1952 – Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist, known for her work to make medical use of nuclear technology affordable, organizer of the Atomic Energy for Peace Conference (b. 1917)

1955 – Carmen Miranda, Portuguese stage and film actress and singer, known for samba dancing as well as her trademark clothing and Latin accent (b. 1909)

1962 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress, model and singer, born Norma Jeane Mortenson, “sex symbol” of the 1950s, recipient of a Golden Globe Award, a David di Donatello award and BAFTA Award nomination (b. 1926)

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Millicent Fawcett (nr 4 from left, bottom row) at a Suffrage Alliance Congress, London 1909

Millicent Fawcett (4th from left, bottom row) at a Suffrage Alliance Congress, London 1909 (source)

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