August 7

Events in Women’s History

Alice Huyler Ramsey beside her car, Library of Congress (source)

Alice Huyler Ramsey beside her car, Library of Congress (source)

1890 – Anna Månsdotter becomes the last woman in Sweden to be executed, for the 1889 Yngsjö murder.

1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey completes a cross-country automobile road trip becoming the first to do so. She traveled with three friends (none of whom could drive) and traveled for 59 days from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.

Births

Duchess Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria

Duchess Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria by George Desmarées (source)

1282 – Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Countess consort of Holland as wife of John I, Countess of Hereford as wife of Humphrey de Bohun, daughter of Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile (d. 1316)

1734 – Duchess Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria, Margravine of Baden-Baden as wife of Louis George (d. 1776)

1751 – Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange, wife of William V of Orange and acknowledged as the leader of the dynastic stadtholder party and the counter revolution (d. 1820)

1783Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom (d. 1810) (Link to the story of her tragically short life on M. Gilflurt’s excellent blog.)

1813 – Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis, American abolitionist, educator and suffragist, co-founder of the New England Woman Suffrage Association (d. 1876)

1848 – Alice James, American diarist, chronicled her life and struggles with mental illness, sister of psychologist William James and novelist Henry James (d. 1892)

1876 – Mata Hari, Dutch courtesan and exotic dancer, accused and convicted of spying for Germany during WWI, executed by firing squad in France (d. 1917)

1887 – Anna Elisabet Weirauch, German author, actor and screenwriter (d. 1970)

1890 – Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, American activist, labor leader and feminist, founding member of the American Civil Liberties Union, leader in the Industrial Workers of the World, advocate of women’s rights, birth control and women’s suffrage (d. 1964)

1901 – Ann Harding, American actress (d. 1981)

1925 – Felice Bryant, American songwriter; she teamed with her husband to produce such titles as “Rocky Top”, “All I Have to Do Is Dream”, and “Bye, Bye Love.” (d. 2003)

1928 – Betsy Byars, American author of children’s books, recipient of the Newbery Medal for Summer of the Swans and a National Book Award and Edgar Award

1933 – Elinor Ostrom, American political economist, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 2009 with Oliver E. Williamson, the only woman to win the Nobel in Economics to date (d. 2012)

1938 – Helen Caldicott, Australian physician, author, radio host and activist, opposed to the use of nuclear power and weapons, hosts the radio program If You Love This Planet

Deaths

1649 – Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Tyrol, Holy Roman Empress as wife of Ferdinand III, died after giving birth to her only child, Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria (b. 1632)

1820 – Elisa Bonaparte, Duchess of Lucca, Princess of Piombino, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte (b. 1777)

1958 – Elizabeth Foreman Lewis, American author, missionary and teacher, recipient of the Newbery Medal and Lewis Carroll Shelf Award (b. 1892)

1972 – Aspasia Manos, Madame Manos (rather than Queen Aspasia) as wife of Alexander of Greece, later styled Princess Alexander of Greece and Denmark (b. 1896)

1974 – Rosario Castellanos, Mexican poet and author, known for writing about issues related to cultural and gender oppression (b. 1925)

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Mata Hari on a 1906 postcard

Mata Hari on a 1906 postcard (source)

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