August 8

Events in Women’s History

Margaret Tudor by Daniel Mytens

Margaret Tudor by Daniel Mytens (source)

1503Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, marries King James IV of Scotland at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Births

Emilie Flygare-Carlén (source)

Emilie Flygare-Carlén (source)

1560 – Elizabeth Báthory, Countess Elizabeth Báthory de Ecsed, possibly the most prolific female serial killer in history, accused of torturing and killing hundreds of girls over a 25 year period; her family’s influence kept her from standing trial. (d. 1614)

1640 – Amalia Catharina, Countess of Erbach, German poet and composer, known for pietist poems and songs meant for household devotion (d. 1697)

1807 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish author, known for novels featuring seafaring people, founder of charitable endowments for students, teachers and widows of fishermen, published in 10 languages in addition to Swedish (d. 1892)

1814 – Esther Hobart Morris, American businesswoman, first female Justice of the Peace in the United States, abolitionist; she was appointed Justice of the Peace when the previous justice resigned in protest over Wyoming extending suffrage to women. (d. 1902)

1824 – Maria Alexandrovna, Empress of Russia as wife of Alexander II (d. 1880)

1857 – Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and composer, most of her work was successful during her life time; although largely forgotten today, her most popular piece is Flute Concertino in D major, Op. 107 (d. 1944)

1863 – Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey, American ornithologist and nature writer, organized Audubon Society chapters, with her husband known for Handbook of Birds of the Western United States and The Birds of New Mexico (d. 1948)

1880 – Olga Samaroff, born Lucy Mary Agnes Hickenlooper, American concert pianist, music critic and teacher, first woman to self-produced her debut at Carnegie Hall, first music teacher broadcast on television, instructor at the Philadelphia Conservatory and the Juilliard School with many prominent students; her autobiography is titled An American Musician’s Story. (d. 1948)

1884 – Sara Teasdale, American lyric poet, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for her collection entitled Love Songs; other collections include Sonnets to Duse and Other Poems and Helen of Troy and Other Poems (d. 1933)

1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author, known for novels with rural themes, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for her novel The Yearling which was later made into a movie (d. 1953)

1921 – Esther Williams, American competitive swimmer, actress and businesswoman, known for her role in “aquamusicals” featuring synchronized swimming, portrayed Australian swimmer Annette Kellerman in Million Dollar Mermaid (d. 2013)

1922 – Gertrude Himmelfarb, American historian, known for her work on intellectual history, Britain and the Victorian era

1927 – Maia Wojciechowska, Polish-American author, known for children and young adult fiction, recipient of the Newbery Award for Shadow of a Bull (d. 2002)

1929 – Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet linguist, author and dissident, known for organizing a protest in Red Square and the Soviet Union’s invasion of Czechoslovakia for which she spent four years of exile in Siberia, co-author of Memory and contributor to the underground publication Chronicle of Current Events (d. 2004)

1933 – Serena Wilson, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2007)

Deaths

1747 – Madeleine de Verchères, Canadian defender, credited with leadership and bravery during a raid of Fort Verchères at the age of 14 while her family was away (b. 1678)

1909 – Mary MacKillop, Australian nun, co-founder of the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart which was responsible for establishing schools and welfare organizations, canonized by the Roman Catholic Church in 2010 (b. 1842)

1965 – Shirley Jackson, American author, known for the short story “The Lottery” and the novel The Haunting of Hill House which was later made into a movie (b. 1916)

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Mary MacKillop in 1869

Mary MacKillop in 1869 (source)

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