August 9

Events in Women’s History

1902 – Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1930 – Betty Boop made her cartoon debut in Dizzy Dishes.

Betty Boop before and after the Production code of 1934

Betty Boop before and after the Production code of 1934 (source)

Births

Eudoxia Lopukhina

Eudoxia Lopukhina (source)

1669 – Eudoxia Lopukhina, Tsaritsa consort of Russia as first wife of Peter I, paternal grandmother of Peter II of Russia (d. 1731)

1757 – Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, American colonist, wife of Alexander Hamilton and defender of his name, co-founder New York’s first private orphange the New York Orphan Asylum Society 9d. 1854)

1762 – Mary Randolph, American author, known for The Virginia House-Wife a popular and influential housekeeping and cookbook, first recorded person buried at Arlington National Cemetery (d. 1828)

1783 – Alexandra Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Russia, Archduchess of Austria as wife of Joseph of Austria, daughter of Tsar Paul I and his second wife Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg (d. 1801)

1847 – Maria Victoria al Pozzo, Princess della Cisterna of Spain, later Queen consort of Spain as wife of Amadeo I (d. 1876)

1865 – Janie Porter Barrett, American social reformer and educator, founder Virginia Industrial School for Colored Girls and the Virginia Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs (d. 1948)

1867 – Evelina Haverfield, Scottish nurse, suffragette and aid worker, founder Women’s Emergency Corps, associated with the Women’s Social and Political Union (d. 1920)

1928 – Camilla Wicks, American violinist, one of the first women to establish an international career as a violinist

1928 – Dolores Wilson, American coloratura soprano and later Broadway actress, known for originating the title role in The Ballad of Baby Doe (d. 2010)

1931 – Paula Kent Meehan, American businesswoman, co-founder Redken hair care company (d. 2014)

Deaths

803Irene of Athens, Byzantine Empress consort as wife of Leo IV, regent for their son Constantine VI, and Empress regnant after seizing power from her son in 797(b. 752)

1942 – Edith Stein, German Jewish philosopher and later Roman Catholic nun St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, executed at Auschwitz concentration camp, canonized by the Roman Catholic Church in 1998, patron saint of Europe (b. 1891)

1980 – Jacqueline Cochran, American test and racing pilot, influential in the Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps and Women Airforce Service Pilots, director of Northwest Airlines, recipient of many awards including the Gold Medal from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Legion of Merit, and the Murassa Brövesi from the Türk Hava Kurumu’s (Turkish Aeronautical Association) (b. 1906)

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Jacqueline Cochrane in 1943

Jacqueline Cochrane in 1943, photo USAF (source)

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