December 1

Events in Women’s History

Benazir Bhutto, photo by iFaqeer (source)

Benazir Bhutto, photo by iFaqeer (source)

1919 – Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom (she had been elected to that position on November 28).

1955 – Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on the bus and is arrested for violating the city’s racial segregation laws. This incident lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

1988 – Benazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Births

Alexandra of Denmark as Princess of Wales, 1881, photo by Alexander Bassano

Alexandra of Denmark as Princess of Wales c. 1881 by Alexander Bassano (source)

1083 – Anna Komnene, Byzantine princess, scholar, physician, administrator, and historian; daughter of Emperor Alexior I and his wife Irene Doukaina (d. 1153)

1761Marie Tussaud, French sculptor, founded Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum, hired to make death masks of victims of the guillotine during the French Revolution, barely escaped the guillotine herself (d. 1850)

1813 – Ann Preston, American physician and educator (d. 1872)

1844 – Alexandra of Denmark, Queen of the United Kingdom and Empress of India (d. 1925)

1847 – Christine Ladd-Franklin, American mathematician, logician and psychologist (d. 1930)

1847 – Julia Ann Moore, American poet, known for writing particularly bad poetry (d. 1920)

1901 – Ilona Fehér, Hungarian violinist (d. 1988)

1910 – Alicia Markova, English ballerina and choreographer (d. 2004)

1913 – Mary Martin, American actress and singer (d. 1990)

1937 – Muriel Costa-Greenspon, American soprano (d. 2005)

Deaths

1241 – Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress as wife of Frederick II (b. 1214)

1463 Mary of Guelders, Queen consort of Scotland as wife of James II (b. circa 1434)

1530Margaret of Austria, Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Savoy (b. 1480)

1633 – Isabella Clara Eugenia, sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands and the Low Countries with her husband Albert VII of Austria (b. 1566)

1723 – Susanna Centlivre, English actress and playwright (b. 1667)

1923 – Virginie Loveling, Belgian author and poet who also wrote under the pseudonym W. E. C. Walter (b. 1836)

1975 – Anna Roosevelt Halsted, American daughter of Franklin D. Roosevelt (b. 1906)

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Margaret of Austria by Bernard van Orley

Margaret of Austria by Bernard van Orley (source)

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