December 14

Events in Women’s History

Mary Stuart c. 1559, after François Clouet

Mary Stuart c. 1559, after François Clouet (source)

1542 – Princess Mary Stuart becomes Mary, Queen of Scots. Her coronation is September 9, 1543.

1961 – The Presidential Commission on the Status of Women is established by Executive Order, and Eleanor Roosevelt heads the commission.

Births

 Aphra Behn c. 1670, by Sir Peter Lely

Aphra Behn c. 1670, by Sir Peter Lely (source)

1631 – Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)

1640 – Aphra Behn, English playwright and author (d. 1689)

1784 – Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (d. 1806)

1787 – Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress consort of Austria, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as wife of Francis I of Austria (d. 1816)

1881 – Katherine MacDonald, American actress and producer (d. 1956)

1884 – Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (d. 1950)

1897 – Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (d. 1995)

1908 – Mária Szepes, Hungarian author (d. 2007)

1914 – Nam Phuong, Empress of Vietnam as wife of Bao Dai (d. 1963)

1914 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003)

1916 – Shirley Jackson, American author (d. 1965)

1917 – Elyse Knox, American actress and fashion designer (d. 2012)

1917 – June Taylor, American choreographer (d. 2004)

1941 – Karan Armstrong, American soprano

1946 – Patty Duke, American actress, Academy Award winner, president of the Screen Actors Guild, and mental health advocate

Deaths

Princess Alice c. 1861 (source)

Princess Alice c. 1861 (source)

1878 – Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine (b. 1843)

1902 – Julia Grant, First Lady of the United States as wife of Ulysses S. Grant (b. 1826)

1953 – Marjorie Rawlings, American author (b. 1896)

1963 – Dinah Washington, American singer (b. 1924)

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