December 21

Events in Women’s History

Emma Goldman c. 1911, Library of Congress

Emma Goldman c. 1911 (source)

1919 – American anarchist Emma Goldman is deported to Russia.

Births

Amalia of Oldenburg, Queen of Greece by Joseph Karl Stieler

Amalia of Oldenburg, Queen of Greece by Joseph Karl Stieler (source)

1818 – Amalia of Oldenburg, Queen consort of Greece as wife of Otto (d. 1875)

1829Laura Bridgman, the first American deaf-blind child to receive a significant education in the English language. (d. 1889)

1830 – Mary Virginia Terhune, American author known primarily by her pseudonym Marion Harland (d. 1922)

1860 – Henrietta Szold, American born immigrant to Palestine, founder of Hadassah, co-founder of Ihud, helped run Youth Aliyah and organization that rescued Jewish children from Nazi Europe (d. 1945)

1866 – Maud Gonne, English-born Irish revolutionary, feminist and actress (d. 1953)

1872 – Helen Farnsworth Mears, American sculptor. One of her most famous works is the marble statue of Frances Willard in the National Statuary Hall Collection. (d. 1916)

1874 – Gertrude Battles Lane, the most influential editor of Woman’s Home Companion (1911-1941)

1886 – Maria Cadilla de Martinez, Puerto Rican writer, educator and women’s rights activist, one of the first women from Puerto Rico to earn a doctorate (d. 1951)

1892 – Amy Clarke, English poet (d. 1980)

1892 – Rebecca West, British journalist, literary critic, and author (d. 1983)

1903 – Maria Balcerkiewiczówna, Polish actress (d. 1975)

1917 – Sophie Masloff, American politician, 55th Mayor of Pittsburgh

1921 – Alicia Alonso, Cuban ballerina and choreographer

1924 – Rita Reys, Dutch singer

1937 – Jane Fonda, American actress, author and political activist

1954 – Chris Evert, American professional tennis player, former No. 1 World champion, won 18 Grand Slam singles championships

1959 – Florence Griffith Joyner, American track and field athelete and Olympic medalist, her world records set in 1988 for the 100 meters and 200 meters still stand (d. 1998)

Deaths

Margaret of Provence (source)

Margaret of Provence (source)

1295 – Margaret of Provence, Queen of France as wife of Louis IX (b. 1221)

1549 – Marguerite de Navarre, Queen consort of Navarre as wife of Henry II, author, patron of humanists and reformers, called “The First Modern Woman” by Samuel Putnam (b. 1492)

1871 – Louise Aston, German author and feminist, advocate of women’s rights, democracy and love outside of marriage, known for dressing in men’s clothes and smoking cigars (b. 1814)

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