December 23

Events in Women’s History

583 – Maya queen Yohl Ik’nal is crowned ruler of Palenque. She was the first female ruler in recorded Mayan history.

Births

Princess Zorka of Montenegro (source)

Princess Zorka of Montenegro (source)

1657 – Hannah Duston, American taken captive by Native Americans who freed herself by scalping and taking hostage her captors. Her account of her captivity became famous later and she was seen as a “folk hero” perhaps as justification for violence toward Native Americans in the nineteenth century. (d. 1736)

1793 – Catherine Spalding, American leader of the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth (d. 1858)

1860 – Harriet Monroe, American editor, scholar, literary critic and poet, best known as founding publisher and editor of Poetry magazine (d. 1936)

1864 – Princess Zorka of Montenegro (d. 1890)

1867 – Madam C. J. Walker, American businesswoman and philanthropist (d. 1919)

1912 – Anna Jane Harrison, American organic chemist and professor at Mount Holyoke College, first female President of the American Chemical Society (d. 1998)

1922 – Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and concert pianist (d. 2001)

1935 – Esther Phillips, American singer (d. 1984)

1943 – Queen Silvia of Sweden

1946 – Edita Gruberová, Slovak soprano

1953 – Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia

1970 – Catriona Ann Le May Doan, Canadian athlete and Olympic medalist

Deaths

1230Berengaria of Navarre, Queen consort of England as wife of Richard I (b. 1165-1170)

1771Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, Canadian nun and saint, founded Grey Nuns (b. 1701)

1873 – Sarah Moore Grimké, American abolitionist, author and suffragist (b. 1792)

1963 – Vida Hope, English film actress (b. 1918)

1979 – Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (b. 1898)

1984 – Joan Lindsay, Australian author (b. 1896)

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Effigy of Berengaria of Navarre (source)

Effigy of Berengaria of Navarre (source)

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