December 24

Events in Women’s History

I am unaware of any significant events in Women’s History. If you know of any, please leave a comment so that I can add it. Thank you!

Births

Archduchess Constance of Austria, 1604, by Joseph Heintz the Elder

Archduchess Constance of Austria, 1604, by Joseph Heintz the Elder (source)

1588 – Constance, Archduchess of Austria, Grand Duchess of Lithuania, and Queen consort of Poland as wife of Sigismund III Vasa (d. 1631)

1635 – Mariana of Austria, Queen consort of Spain as wife of Philip IV (d. 1696)

1784 – Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1803)

1807 – Elizabeth Chandler, American author and poet, her principal theme was the abolition of slavery (d. 1834)

1837 – Empress Elisabeth of Austria (d. 1898)

1843 – Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (d. 1886)

1869 – Henriette Roland Holst, Dutch poet and socialist (d. 1952)

1879 – Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Queen consort of Denmark as wife of Christian X (d. 1952)

1879 – Cosima Wagner, second wife of Richard Wagner, co-founder of the Bayreuth Festival, after Wagner’s death she devoted her life to promoting his music and philosophy (d. 1930)

1893 – Ruth Chatterton, American actress (d. 1961)

1903 – Ava Helen Pauling, American activist for women’s rights, racial equality and international peace, wife of Linus Pauling (d. 1981)

1922 – Ava Gardner, American actress (d. 1990)

1927 – Mary Higgins Clark, American author

Deaths

1635 – Hester Jonas, German midwife, the so-called Witch of Neuss, she was executed for witchcraft by beheading (b. 1570)

1660 – Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange as wife of Prince William II, mother of the future William III of England and Ireland and William II of Scotland (b. 1631)

1813 – Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan, the last of eight women to rule Japan as Empress regnant according to the traditional order of succession (d. 1740)

1957 – Norma Talmadge, American actress (b. 1893)

1971 – Maria Koepcke, German-Peruvian ornithologist (b. 1924)

1972 – Gisela Richter, English classical archeologist and art historian (b. 1882)

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Mary Princess of Orange (source)

Mary Princess of Orange (source)

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