December 28

Events in Women’s History

Constance Markievicz (source)

Constance Markievicz (source)

1918 – Constance Markievicz while detained in Holloway prison, became the first woman to be elected MP to the British House of Commons. She did not take her seat, however, and with other members of Sinn Féin, formed the first Dáil Éireann.

Births

Margaret of Parma by Antonis Mor

Margaret of Parma by Antonis Mor (source)

1522Margaret of Parma, Governor of the Netherlands, Duchess consort of Florence and of Parma and Piacenza (d. 1583)

1635 – Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of Charles I of England and a prisoner of Parliament during the English Civil War (d. 1650)

1722 – Eliza Lucas Pinckney, American colonist, developed indigo as a cash crop in South Carolina, first woman inducted into South Carolina’s Business Hall of Fame (d. 1793)

1789 – Catharine Sedgwick, American novelist (d. 1867)

1816 – Elizabeth Packard, American advocate for women’s rights, especially those wrongly accused and incarcerated for being “insane” (d. 1897)

1895 – Carol Ryrie Brink, American author (d. 1981)

1925 – Hildegard Knef, German actress (d. 2002)

1934 – Dame Margaret “Maggie” Smith, British actress

1939 – Michelle Urry, American cartoon editor of Playboy magazine (d. 2006)

Deaths

1694 – Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland with her husband William (b. 1662)

1853 – Sarah Goodridge, American painter specializing in portrait miniatures (b. 1788)

1889 – Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies, Empress consort of Brazil as wife of Pedro II, “the Mother of the Brazilians”, remembered fondly for her character, behavior and advocacy of Brazilian culture (b. 1822)

1938 – Florence Lawrence, Canadian actress (b. 1886)

1956 – Marjorie Fielding, British stage and film actress (b. 1892)

1961 – Edith Wilson, First Lady of the United States as second wife of Woodrow Wilson (b. 1872)

1962 – Kathleen Clifford, American actress (b. 1887)

1967 – Katharine McCormick, American biologist and philanthropist (b. 1875)

1976 – Katharine Byron, American politician (b. 1903)

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Edith Wilson's official White House portrait

Edith Wilson’s official White House portrait (source)

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