December 5

Events in Women’s History

1484 – Pope Innocent VIII issues the Summis desiderantes, a papal bull that gives papal approval for the “correcting, imprisoning, punishing and chastising” those suspected of “witchcraft” and “heresy.” Written in response to Heinrich Kramer for explicit authority in prosecuting witchcraft in Germany.

Births

Rose Wilder Lane

Rose Wilder Lane (source)

1479 Ayse Hafsa Valide Sultan, consort of Selim I and mother of Suleiman the Magnificent (d. 1534)

1822 – Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American academic, co-founded Radcliffe College (d. 1907)

1830 – Christina Rossetti, British poet (d. 1894) (In the Bleak Midwinter)

1857 – Alice Brown, American novelist, poet and playwright (d. 1948)

1886 – Rose Wilder Lane, American journalist and author (d. 1968)

1898 – Grace Moore, American soprano (d. 1947)

1934 – Joan Didion, American author

1939 – Minita Chico-Nazario, Filipino jurist, former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines

1943 – Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French politician

Deaths

Eliza Roxcy Snow (source)

Eliza Roxcy Snow (source)

1784Phillis Wheatley, American poet, honored as the first African-American woman to write a book and make a living from her writing (b. 1753)

1887 – Eliza R. Snow, American poet (b. 1804)

1914 – Agnes Irwin, American educator, first dean of Radcliffe College (b. 1841)

1941 – Amrita Sher-Gil, Indian painter (b. 1913)

1969 – Princess Alice of Battenberg, mother of Prince Philip and thus mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II (b. 1885)

1989 – Sofiya Kalistratova, public defense lawyer in the Soviet Union; she defended dissidents such as Andrea Sakharov and distributed information about human rights violations in the Soviet Union as a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group. (b. 1907)

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