December 8

Events in Women’s History

Margaret Hughes c. 1670 by Peter Lely

Margaret Hughes c. 1670 by Peter Lely (source)

592 – Empress Suiko ascends to the throne of Japan becoming the first woman to become the country’s first Empress regnant.

1660 – A woman (usually credited to Margaret Hughes, but possibly Anne Marshall) appears on an English public stage for the first time, in the role of Desdemona in a production of Shakespeare’s play Othello.

2007 – Benazir Bhutto, first and only female former Prime Minister of Pakistan, had her PPP Office stormed by unidentified gunmen. Three supporters are killed.

Births

Maria Anne of Bavaria, 1604, by Joseph Heintz the Elder

Maria Anne of Bavaria, 1604, by Joseph Heintz the Elder (source)

1542Mary, Queen of Scots (d. 1587)

1574 – Maria Anna of Bavaria, first wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. She died before he ascended to the throne, but she was the mother of Ferdinand III (d. 1616)

1699Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen of Poland and Electress of Saxony (d. 1757)

1809 – Mother Mary Aloysia Hardey, American Sister of the Society of the Sacred Heart (d. 1886)

1860 – Amanda McKittrick Ros, Irish author and poet (d. 1939)

1869 – Jessie Belle Rittenhouse, American literary critic and poet (d. 1948)

1894 – Marthe Vinot, French actress (d. 1974)

1922 – Jean Ritchie, American folk music singer/songwriter

1925 – Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (d. 2000)

1935 – Tatiana Zatulovskaya, Israeli chess player, born in the former USSR, she emigrated to Israel in 2000.

Deaths

1521 – Christina of Saxony, Queen consort of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden as wife of John (b. 1461)

1722 – Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine, wife of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger brother of Louis XIV of France. She left detailed accounts of life at court through her correspondence. (b. 1652)

1744Marie Anne de Mailly, French mistress of Louis XV of France (b. 1717)

1793 – Madame du Barry, French mistress of Louis XV of France (b. 1743)

1811Eliza Poe, British-born American actress and mother of Edgar Allen Poe (b. 1787)

1869 – Narcisa de Jesús, Ecuadorian saint (b. 1832)

1971 – Eleni Ourani, Greek poet (b. 1896)

1978 – Golda Meir, Israeli politician, 4th Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1898)

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Marie Anne de Mailly, 1740, by Jean-Marc Nattier

Marie Anne de Mailly, 1740, by Jean-Marc Nattier (source)

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