December 9

Events in Women’s History

Marguerite Durand, 1910, courtesy Library of Congress.

Marguerite Durand c. 1910, Library of Congress (source)

1897 – Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde, in Paris.

Births

Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Spain, 1819, by Vicente López y Portaña

Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Spain, 1819, by Vicente López y Portaña (source)

1745Maddalena Laura Sirmen, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1818)

1751 – Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen consort of Spain as wife of Charles IV (d. 1819)

1850 – Emma Abbott, American soprano (d. 1891)

1861 – Hélène Smith, French psychic, known as the “Muse of Automatic Writing” (d. 1929)

1870 – Ida S. Scudder, American medical missionary to India, physician. She started the Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore, India. (d. 1960)

1876 – Pauline Whittier, American golfer, competed in the 1900 Olympics (d. 1946)

1895 – Dolores Ibárruri, Spanish politician, Republican leader during the Spanish Civil War (d. 1989)

1895 – Conchita Supervía, Spanish soprano (d. 1936)

1897 – Hermione Gingold, English actress (d. 1987)

1906 – Grace Murray Hopper, American navy officer and computer scientist, developed COBOL (d. 1992)

Deaths

1793Yolande de Polastron, Duchess of Polignac, favorite of Marie Antoinette and Governess of the Children of France (b. 1749)

1964 – Dame Edith Sitwell, English poet and critic (b. 1887)

1972 – Louella Parsons, American columnist (b. 1881)

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Duchess of Polignac, 1782, by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Duchess of Polignac, 1782, by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun (source)

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