February 1

Events in Women’s History

Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne (source)

Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne (source)

1327 – Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.

1587 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signed the death warrant for Mary Queen of Scots. She was executed on February 8 at Fotheringhay Castle.

1979 – Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence is commuted by President Jimmy Carter.

1998 – Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne becomes the first African American woman to be promoted to rear admiral.


Hildegarde, 1960 publicity photo (source)

Hildegarde, 1960 publicity photo (source)

1501 – Queen Munjeong of Korea, Queen consort as wife of Jungiong and regent for her son, Myeongiong (d. 1565)

1663 – Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, Filipino nun, founded the Religious of the Virgin Mary (d. 1748)

1857 – Lucy Wheelock, American educator and founder of Wheelock College (d. 1946)

1878 – Hattie Wyatt Caraway, first woman elected to serve a full term in the United States Senate representing Arkansas (d. 1950)

1879 – Maud Slye, American pathologist, received gold medal of the American Medical Association and of the American Radiological Society (d. 1954)

1888 – Winifred Goldring, American paleontologist and educator, first woman appointed at a State Paleontologist, first woman elected president of the Paleontological Society (d. 1971)

1898 – Leila Denmark, American pediatrician, world’s oldest practicing pediatrician, supercentenarian; she lived to be 114 years 60 days old. (d. 2012)

1902 – Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard, sentenced to crimes against humanity and executed (d. 1947)

1906 – Hildegarde, American actress and cabaret singer (d. 2005)

1921 – Patricia Robins, British author writing under the pseudonym Claire Lorrimer

1922 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)

1940 – Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (d. 1996)

1942 – Muna Wassef, Syrian actress and United Nations Goodwill Ambassador

1972 – Leymah Roberta Gbowee, Liberian activist, leader of the grassroots women’s peace movement which helped to end the Second Liberian Civil War, Nobel Peace Prize winner for 2011


1851 – Mary Shelley, English author, known for her novel Frankenstein (b. 1797)

1954 – Yvonne de Bray, French actress (b. 1889)

1959 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress, first African American actor to sign a film contract and be a featured performer, inducted into the Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame (b. 1873)

1966 – Hedda Hopper, American actress and columnist (b. 1885)

1989 – Elaine de Kooning, American painter (b. 1918)

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Hedda Hopper, 1929, George Grantham Bain collection, Library of Congress (source)

Hedda Hopper, 1929, George Grantham Bain collection, Library of Congress (source)

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