Events in Women’s History
1327 – Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
1587 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signed the death warrant for Mary Queen of Scots. She was executed on February 8 at Fotheringhay Castle.
1979 – Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence is commuted by President Jimmy Carter.
1998 – Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne becomes the first African American woman to be promoted to rear admiral.
1501 – Queen Munjeong of Korea, Queen consort as wife of Jungiong and regent for her son, Myeongiong (d. 1565)
1663 – Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, Filipino nun, founded the Religious of the Virgin Mary (d. 1748)
1857 – Lucy Wheelock, American educator and founder of Wheelock College (d. 1946)
1878 – Hattie Wyatt Caraway, first woman elected to serve a full term in the United States Senate representing Arkansas (d. 1950)
1879 – Maud Slye, American pathologist, received gold medal of the American Medical Association and of the American Radiological Society (d. 1954)
1888 – Winifred Goldring, American paleontologist and educator, first woman appointed at a State Paleontologist, first woman elected president of the Paleontological Society (d. 1971)
1898 – Leila Denmark, American pediatrician, world’s oldest practicing pediatrician, supercentenarian; she lived to be 114 years 60 days old. (d. 2012)
1902 – Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard, sentenced to crimes against humanity and executed (d. 1947)
1906 – Hildegarde, American actress and cabaret singer (d. 2005)
1921 – Patricia Robins, British author writing under the pseudonym Claire Lorrimer
1922 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)
1940 – Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (d. 1996)
1942 – Muna Wassef, Syrian actress and United Nations Goodwill Ambassador
1972 – Leymah Roberta Gbowee, Liberian activist, leader of the grassroots women’s peace movement which helped to end the Second Liberian Civil War, Nobel Peace Prize winner for 2011
1851 – Mary Shelley, English author, known for her novel Frankenstein (b. 1797)
1954 – Yvonne de Bray, French actress (b. 1889)
1959 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress, first African American actor to sign a film contract and be a featured performer, inducted into the Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame (b. 1873)
1966 – Hedda Hopper, American actress and columnist (b. 1885)
1989 – Elaine de Kooning, American painter (b. 1918)