February 12

Events in Women’s History

Ida B. Wells, one of the founders of the NAACP, c. 1893 by Mary Garrity (source)

Ida B. Wells, one of the founders of the NAACP, c. 1893 by Mary Garrity (source)

1554 – A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.

1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded. Prominent women among the charter members include, among others, Ida Wells-Barnett, Mary Church Terrell, Anna Garlin Spencer, Mary White Ovington.

1990 – Carmen Lawrence becomes Premier of Western Australia, the first woman to become premier of a State of Australia.

2004 – The city of San Francisco, California begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom. The first license is for lesbian activists Del Martin, 83, and Phyllis Lyon, 79.

Births

Louisa Catherine Adams c. 1821 by Gilbert Stuart (source)

Louisa Catherine Adams c. 1821 by Gilbert Stuart (source)

1752 – Dorothea Ackermann, German actress (d. 1821)

1775 – Louisa Catherine Adams, First Lady of the United States as wife of John Quincy Adams (d. 1852)

1831 – Myra Colby Bradwell, editor, publisher, suffragist and political activist, founded the Chicago Legal News; she studied law in her husband’s law office, but was denied admission to the Illinois bar because she was a woman.

1855 – Fannie Barrier Williams, African American educator, political and women’s rights advocate (d. 1944)

1870 – Marie Lloyd, English actress and singer, “Queen of the Music Hall” (d. 1922)

1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)

1884 – Alice Roosevelt Longworth, American socialite, daughter of Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1980)

1884 – Marie Vassilieff, Russian painter (d. 1957)

1934 – Annette Crosbie, Scottish actress

1934 – Anne Krueger, American economist, former World Bank Chief Economist, first deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund, currently a professor of international economics at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies

1938 – Judy Blume, American author

1945 – Maud Adams, Swedish actress

Deaths

1554 – Lady Jane Grey, briefly Queen of England, daughter of Frances Grey, Duchess of Suffolk (b. 1537)

1929 – Lillie Langtry, English singer and actress (b. 1853)

1972 – Dorothy Kenyon, American lawyer, judge, feminist and political activist (b. 1888)

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Execution of Lady Jane Grey by Paul Delaroche (source)

Execution of Lady Jane Grey by Paul Delaroche (source)

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