Events in Women’s History
1542 – Catherine Howard, Queen of England and wife of Henry VIII, and her lady-in-waiting, Jane Boleyn, are executed.
1575 – Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont marries Henry III of France and becomes Queen consort, the same day he is crowned at Rheims.
1689 – William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.
1943 – The first women sign up for non-clerical duties in the United States Marine Corps Women’s Reserve.
1457 – Mary of Burgundy, ruler of the Burgundian territories in the Low Countries in her own right from 1477 until her death (d. 1482)
1815 – Anna Ottendorfer, American journalist and philantropist, developed the German-language New Yorker Staats-Zeitung into a major newspaper (d. 1884)
1879 – Sarojini Naidu, Indian author, poet, activist and politician, first woman to be President of the Indian National Congress, first woman to be Governor of Uttar Pradesh (d. 1949)
1881 – Eleanor Farjeon, English author (d. 1965)
1885 – Bess Truman, First Lady of the United States as wife of Harry S. Truman (d. 1982)
1889 – Leontine Sagan, Austrian actress and director (d. 1974)
1891 – Kate Roberts, Welsh author (d. 1985)
1907 – Katy de la Cruz, Filipino singer specializing in jazz and torch songs, “The Queen of Filipino Jazz” (d. 2004)
1908 – Pauline Frederick, American journalist and author (d. 1990)
1912 – Margaretta Scott, English actress (d. 2005)
1918 – Patty Berg, American golfer, founding member of the Ladies Professional Golf Association, member of the World Golf Hall of Fame (d. 2006)
1920 – Eileen Farrell, American soprano who performed both classical opera and popular music (d. 2002)
1921 – Jeanne Demessieux, French pianist and composer (d. 1968)
1932 – Susan Oliver, American actress and director (d. 1990)
1932 – Barbara Shelley, English actress
1933 – Caroline Blakiston, English actress
1933 – Kim Novak, American actress
1943 – Elaine Pagels, biblical scholar, professor of religion at Princeton University, best known for her work on the Nag Hammadi manuscripts
1539 – Isabella d’Este, Marchesa of Mantua as wife of Francesco II Gonzaga, patron of the arts and a fashion leader in the Italian Renaissance (b. 1474)
1542 – Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford, English assistant to Catherine Howard (b. 1505)
1542 – Catherine Howard, Queen of England as wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1521)
1662 – Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine as wife of Frederick V, and briefly Queen of Bohemia, “The Winter Queen” (b. 1596)
1952 – Josephine Tey, pseudonym of Elizabeth Mackintosh, Scottish author best known for mystery novels (b. 1896)
1954 – Agnes Macphail, Canadian politician, first woman elected to the Canadian House of Commons (b. 1890)
1958 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, DBE, English activist and suffragette, co-founded the Women’s Social and Political Union, evangelist for the Second Adventist movement (b. 1880)
1968 – Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1895)
1976 – Lily Pons, French-born American coloratura soprano and actress (b. 1904)