February 16

Events in Women’s History

1786 – Elizabeth Kortright, future First Lady of the United States, marries James Monroe.

1883 – The first issue of Ladies’ Home Journal is published.

The Ladies Home Journal, March 1886 (source)

The Ladies Home Journal, March 1886 (source)

Births

The Andrews Sisters in 1952, from the top LaVerne, Patty and Maxene (source)

The Andrews Sisters in 1952, from the top LaVerne, Patty and Maxene (source)

1786 – Maria Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach as wife of Charles Frederick (d. 1859)

1874 – Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German operatic soprano (d. 1935)

1878 – Pamela Colman Smith, English illustrator (d. 1951)

1883 – Elizabeth Craig, MBE and FRSA, Scottish journalist, home economist and author (d. 1980)

1887 – Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)

1893 – Katharine Cornell, American stage actress, writer, theater owner and producer (d. 1974)

1896 – Eugénie Blanchard, French super-centenarian (d. 2010)

1898 – Katharine Cornell, American actress and producer (d. 1974)

1900 – Mary Elizabeth Switzer, American public administrator and social reformer, best known for work on the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1954 (d. 1971)

1906 – Vera Menchik, Russian-born chess player, first women’s chess champion; she held the Women’s World Championship from 1927 until her death (with all of her family) in a bombing raid at the end of WWII (d. 1944)

1918 – Patty Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (d. 2013)

1920 – Anna Mae Hays, American Brigadier General, first woman promoted to the rank of General in the US Military (on the same day Elizabeth Hoisington was also promoted), chief of the Army Nurse Corps

1921 – Vera-Ellen, American actress and dancer (d. 1981)

1926 – Margot Frank, Jewish holocaust victim, older sister of Anne Frank, her deportation order prompted the family to go into hiding (d. 1945)

1927 – June Brown, MBE, British actress, best known for the role of Dot Cotten on the BBC’s EastEnders

1932 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress and dancer (d. 2007)

1934 – Marlene Hagge, American professional golfer, one of the founders of the LGPA, member of the World Golf Hall of Fame

1936 – Jill Kinmont Boothe, American skier, top prospect for the 1956 Olympics until an accident left her paralyzed; After rehabilitation she went on to become a special education teacher and an accomplished painter. (d. 2012)

1940 – Hannelore Schmatz, German mountaineer, died on the slopes of Mt. Everest after successfully reaching the summit (d. 1979)

Deaths

1919 – Vera Kholodnaya, Russian silent film actress (b. 1893)

1943 – Mildred Fish-Harnak, American-German historian, translator and German resistance fighter during WWII; arrested with her husband, they were tried and found guilty. He was executed and she was sentenced to prison, but Hitler ordered a new trial and she was sentenced to death and beheaded. (b. 1902)

1974 – Anita Bush, American stage actress and playwright, founder of Anita Bush All-Colored Dramatic Stock company, a repertory theater company which brought theater to black audiences (b. 1883)

1992 – Angela Carter, British author and journalist, ranked by The Times as one of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945) (b. 1940)

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Vera Kholodnaya c. 1910 (source)

Vera Kholodnaya c. 1910 (source)

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