February 22

Events in Women’s History

705 – Empress Wu Zetian abdicates the throne, restoring the Tang Dynasty.

Births

Magaret Sangster, from The Magazine of Poetry 1889 (source)

Magaret Sangster, from The Magazine of Poetry 1889 (source)

1822 – Isabella Beecher Hooker, suffragist, lecturer, wrote and presented a bill to the Connecticut General Assembly that gave married women property rights; she presented it every year until it passed. (d. 1907)

1838 – Margaret Sangster, American author, poet and editor (d. 1912)

1883 – Marguerite Clark, American actress (d. 1940)

1890 – Beatriz Michelena, American silent film era actress and operatic soprano, producer (d. 1942)

1892 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (d. 1950)

1898 – Thillaiaadi Valliammai, South African Tamil activist, worked with Gandhi during protests in South Africa; she fell ill soon after being sentenced to three months hard labor and refused early release. She died soon after serving her term. (d. 1914)

1917 – Jane Bowles, American playwright (d. 1973)

1921 – Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (d. 1994)

1929 – Rebecca Schull, American actress

1930 – Marni Nixon, American soprano, actress and concert singer, most famous for her work dubbing singing voices of leading actresses in films

1933 – Katharine, Duchess of Kent as wif of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent

1937 – Joanna Russ, American author, academic and feminist (d. 2011)

1972 – Claudia Pechstein, German speed skater and Olympic medalist

Deaths

1888 – Anna Kingsford, English doctor and activist for women’s rights and against vivsection (b. 1846)

1911 – Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, African American abolitionist, author and poet (b. 1825)

1914 – Thillaiaadi Valliammai, South African Tamil activist, worked with Gandhi during protests in South Africa; she fell ill soon after being sentenced to three months hard labor and refused early release. She died soon after serving her term. (b. 1898)

1943 – Sophie Scholl, German activist, member of the White Rose non-violent resistance group, executed after being caught distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich (b. 1921)

1944 – Kasturba Gandhi, Indian political activist fighting for civil rights and Indian independence, wife of Mahatma Gandhi (b. 1869)

1973 – Katina Paxinou, Greek actress, Academy Award and Golden Globe winner (b. 1900)

1976 – Angela Baddeley, English actress (b. 1904)

1976 – Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (b. 1943)

1979 – Sigrid Schauman, Finnish painter and art critic (b. 1877)

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Anna Kingsford (source)

Anna Kingsford (source)

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