Events in Women’s History
1570 – Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1875 – Guangxu Emperor of China began his reign, under Empress Dowager Cixi’s regency.
1912 – Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
1986 – Corazon Aquino is sworn in as President of the Philippines.
1842 – Idawalley Zorada Lewis, American lighthouse keeper and heroine (d. 1911)
1871 – Lesya Ukrainka, pseudonym for Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka, Ukrainian author and poet, one of the foremost women writers in Ukrainian literature (d.1913)
1883 – Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
1885 – Princess Alice of Battenberg, Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark as wife of Prince Andrew, mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, sheltered Jewish refugees in Athens during WWII, founded the Christian Sisterhood of Martha and Mary, an Orthodox nursing order of nuns (d. 1969)
1885 – Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke, Ranee of Sarawak as wife of Charles Vyner Brooke, Rajah of Sarawak (d. 1971)
1890 – Dame Myra Hess, British pianist (d. 1965)
1904 – Adelle Davis, American author and lecturer on nutrition; although she was very popular, she was criticized by professionals in the field for unsafe recommendations and her contention that mental and social conditions such as alcoholism, crime, suicide and divorce were the result of poor nutrition (d. 1974)
1907 – Mary Chase, American playwright (d. 1981)
1910 – Millicent Fenwick, American journalist and politician (d. 1992)
1917 – Brenda Joyce, American actress (d. 2009)
1926 – Eva Bergh, Norwegian actress (d. 2013)
1937 – Barbara Piasecka Johnson, Polish-American art collector and philanthropist (d. 2013)
1938 – Diane Baker, American actress and producer
1940 – Monica Proietti, Canadian bank robber (d. 1967)
1558 – Eleanor of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile, Queen consort of Portugal as wife of Manuel I and Queen consort of France as wife of Francis I (b. 1498)
1756 – Eliza Haywood, English actress, writer, poet and publisher (b. 1693)
1864 – Anna Harrison, First Lady of the United States as wife of William Henry Harrison; he died one month after taking office before Anna arrived in Washington (b. 1775)
1910 – Louisa Knapp Curtis, American publisher, author of a column for women in the Tribune and Farmer which became the women’s magazine Ladies’ Home Journal (b. 1851)
1934 – Elizabeth Gertrude Britton, American botanist (b. 1857)
1940 – Mary Mills Patrick, American author (b. 1850)