Events in Women’s History
1621 – Maria Maddalena of Austria and Christine of Lorraine begin their joint regency of Tuscany for Maria’s ten year old son, Ferdando.
1897 – Queen Ranavalona III, the last monarch of Madagascar, is deposed by a French military force.
1261 – Margaret of Scotland, Queen consort of Norway as wife of Eric II (d. 1283)
1797 – Mary Lyon, American educator, founder of Wheaton Female Seminary (now Wheaton College) and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (now Mount Holyoke College) (d. 1848)
1813 – Pomare IV, Queen of Tahiti, fourth monarch of the Kingdom of Tahiti, ruled from 1827 to 1877, during which time the French declared Tahiti a French protectorate; the resulting French-Tahitian War ended in the defeat of the Tahitians. (d. 1877)
1882 – Geraldine Farrar, American operatic soprano and film actress; she had a following among young women who were nicknamed “Gerry flappers.” (d. 1967)
1908 – Billie Bird, American actress (d. 2002)
1912 – Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini (d. 1945)
1917 – Odette Laure, French actress and cabaret singer (d. 2004)
1920 – Jadwiga Piłsudska, Polish pilot, served in the Air Transport Auxiliary during WWII
1926 – Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Joseph Stalin (d. 2011)
1941 – Suzanne Mubarak, First Lady of Egypt as wife of Hosni Mubarak, former Goodwill Ambassador of the United Nations, founded Cairo Child Museum
1453 – Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine in her own right and Queen consort of Naples as wife of Duke René of Anjou (b. 1400)
1936 – Kamala Nehru, Indian freedom fighter, wife of Jawaharlal Nehru, mother of Indira Gandhi (b. 1899)