Events in Women’s History
1720 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden abdicates in favor of her husband, who becomes King Frederick I on 24 March.
1940 – For her role as Mammy in Gone with the Wind, Hattie McDaniel becomes the first African American to win an Academy Award.
1964 – In Sydney, Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser sets a new world record in the 100-meter freestyle swimming competition (58.9 seconds).
1724 – Eva Marie Veigel, Austrian-English dancer (d. 1822)
1736 – Ann Lee, American religious leader, founded the Shakers (d. 1784)
1828 – Emmeline B. Wells, American journalist, editor, poet, and activist, served as president of the Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (d. 1921)
1892 – Augusta Savage, American sculptor associated with the Harlem Renaissance, teacher of other artists, advocated for equal rights for African-Americans in the arts (d. 1962)
1904 – Rukmini Devi Arundale, Indian dancer, choreographer and theosophist (d. 1986)
1916 – Dinah Shore, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
1920 – Michèle Morgan, French-American actress
1932 – Reri Grist, American coloratura soprano
1928 – Ina Coolbrith, American poet, author, librarian, first California Poet Laureate (b. 1841)
1976 – Florence P. Dwyer, American politician (b. 1902)
1992 – La Lupe, Cuban-American singer (b. 1939)