January 19

Events in Women’s History

1953 – In a time when they can’t use the word “pregnant” on TV, or show a double bed for a married couple, almost 72% of all television sets in the United States tune into I Love Lucy for the birth of little Ricky.

1977 – President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino (a.k.a. “Tokyo Rose”).

Births

Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, artist unknown (source)

Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, artist unknown (source)

398 (or 399) – Aelia Pulcheria, Empress of the Byzantine Empire, proclaimed herself regent over her brother Theodosius II in 414; took a vow of virginity until her brother’s death in 450, when she married Marcian with whom she ruled until her death. (d. 453)

1757 – Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, Duchess consort of Saxi-Coburg-Saalfeld, maternal grandmother of Queen Victoria and paternal grandmother of Prince Albert (d. 1831)

1803 – Sarah Helen Power Whitman, American poet, essayist, transcendentalist and Spiritualist (d. 1878)

1889 – Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss painter and sculptor, considered one of the most important artists of geometric abstraction in the 20th century
(d. 1943)

1893 – Magda Tagliaferro, Brazilian pianist, traveled extensively performing as a soloist and with celebrated orchestras and conductors, studied and later taught at the Conservatoire de Paris (d. 1986)

1905 – Oveta Culp Hobby, first secretary of the US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, first commanding officer of the Women’s Army Corps, chair of the board of the Houston Post (d. 1995)

1921 – Patricia Highsmith, American author, known for psychological thrillers; her first novel, Strangers on a Train was adapted to the screen and stage. (d. 1995)

1923 – Jean Stapleton, American character actress and singer, best-known for her role as Edith Bunker on the American sitcom All in the Family (d. 2013)

1925 – Nina Bawden, British novelist and children’s writer (d. 2012)

1937 – Princess Birgitta of Sweden

1943 – Petchara Chaowarat, Thai actress, icon of the “Golden Age” of Thai cinema

1943 – Janis Joplin, American singer-songwriter, solo artist and member of the band Big Brother and the Holding Company, known for many hits including #1 hit “Me and Bobby McGee” (d. 1970)

1943 – Princess Margriet of the Netherlands

1946 – Dolly Parton, American singer-songwriter and actress

Deaths

1526 – Isabella, Archduchess of Austria, and Infanta of Castile and Aragon, Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway as wife of Christian II, daughter of King Philip I and Queen Joanna of Castile (b. 1501)

1799Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1718)

1866 – Harriet Ludlow Clarke, British artist and wood engraver, also known for stained glass work (b. ?)

1925 – Maria Sophie of Bavaria, Queen consort of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies as wife of Francis, younger sister of Elizabeth of Bavaria known as “Sisi” (b. 1841)

1927 – Carlota, Empress consort of Mexico as wife of Maximilian I, born Charlotte of Belgium, daughter of Leopold I (b. 1840)

1982 – Elis Regina, Brazilian singer of popular music and jazz (b. 1945)

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Charlotte of Belgium c. 1860, later Empress of Mexico (source)

Charlotte of Belgium c. 1860, later Empress of Mexico (source)

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