January 22

Events in Women’s History

1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.

Births

Maria Leopoldina by Louis Schlappriz (source)

Maria Leopoldina by Louis Schlappriz (source)

1797 – Maria Leopoldina, Archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil, Queen consort of Portugal as wife of Pedro I (d. 1826)

1858 – Beatrice Webb, English economist, sociologist and social reformer, co-founder of the London School of Economics and Political Science, coined the term “collective bargaining” (d. 1943)

1872 – Marie Manning, American author and columnist, wrote the first advice column Dear Beatrice Fairfax (d. 1945)

1887 – Helen Hoyt, American poet, associate editor of the journal Poetry (d. 1972)

1897 – Rosa Ponselle, American operatic soprano, known for her large opulent voice, considered by critics to be one of the greatest sopranos of the last 100 years (d. 1981)

1898 – Denise Legeay, French silent film actress (d. 1968)

1907 – Mary Dresselhuys, Dutch stage actress, known as the Queen of Comedy, performed until she was 90 years old (d. 2004)

1932 – Piper Laurie, American actress, Academy Award nominee, Golden Globe winner for her role in the television show Twin Peaks

1943 – Marília Pêra, Brazilian actress, recipient of the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress and Best Actress Awards at the Gramado Film Festival and the Cartegena Film Festival (d. 2015)

Deaths

1568 – Catherine Seymore, Countess of Hertford, Lady Catherine Grey, sister of Lady Jane Grey and potential successor of Elizabeth I (b. 1540)

1901 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)

1925 – Fanny Bullock Workman, American cartographer, mountaineer and explorer (b. 1859)

1929 – Emma Cooke, American archer and Olympic medalist (b. 1848)

1931 – Alma Rubens, American stage and film actress, known primarily as a supporting actress with the exception of her leading role opposite Douglas Fairbanks in The Half Breed (b. 1897)

1945 – Else Lasker-Schüler, Jewish German poet and playwright, known for her bohemian lifestyle and affiliation with the Expressionist movement (b. 1869)

1950 – Corinne Luchaire, French film actress, sentenced to dégradation nationale, a loss of her political, civil and professional rights, due to her association with the occupying German government during WWII (b. 1921)

1954 – Princess Margaret of Prussia, Landgravine of Hesse (b. 1872)

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Fanny Bullock Workman c. 1900, Library of Congress (source)

Fanny Bullock Workman c. 1900, Library of Congress (source)

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