Events in Women’s History
1813 – Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.
1908 – Julia Ward Howe becomes the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
1986 – Space Shuttle Challenger breaks apart after liftoff killing all seven astronauts on board including, Crista McAuliffe, the first participant of the Teacher in Space program and Judith Resnik, the second American woman to go into space along with their five crew mates.
1572 – Saint Jeanne-Francoise de Chantal, French noblewoman and saint; after the death of her husband she founded the Congregation of the Visitation. (d. 1641)
1862 – Hannah Bachman Einstein, American social worker and activist; her work contributed to the establishment of child welfare boards. (d. 1929)
1873 – Colette, French author and performer, best known for her novel Gigi on which Lerner and Loewe based their musical comedy (d. 1954)
1886 – Marthe Bibesco, Romanian author (d. 1973)
1900 – Alice Neel, American painter (d. 1984)
1903 – Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, Irish scientist, crystallographer, first woman president of the International Union of Crystallography, first woman president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (d. 1971)
1913 – Hazel Garland, American journalist, columnist, and editor, first African American woman to serve as editor-in-chief of a nationally circulated newspaper chain, the New Pittsburgh Courier (d. 1988)
1942 – Sjoukje Dijkstra, Dutch figure skater and Olympic medalist
1944 – Susan Howard, stage name for Jeri Lynn Mooney, American actress, author and political activist
1944 – Rosalía Mera, Spanish businesswoman; at the time of her death she was the world’s riches self-made woman. (d. 2013)
1271 – Isabella of Aragon, Queen consort of France as wife of Philip III (b. 1247)
1290 – Dervorguilla of Galloway, Scottish daughter and heir of Alan, Lord of Galloway, descendant of David I of Scotland, wife of John, 5th Baron de Balliol, mother of John I, King of Scots (b. circa 1210)
1903 – Augusta Holmès, French composer who initially published under the pseudonym Hermann Zenta (b. 1847)
1930 – Emmy Destinn, Czech soprano (b. 1878)
1945 – Roza Shanina, Soviet Sniper, first female sniper to be awarded the Order of Glory; she was killed in action while guarding a severly wounded commander. (b. 1924)
1948 – Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard, convicted of crimes against humanity and executed (b. 1902)
1960 – Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)
1979 – Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (b. 1901)
1986 – Christa McAuliffe, American teacher and crew member on the Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1948)
1986 – Judith Resnik, American engineer and astronaut, the 2nd American woman in space and crew member of the Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1949)