January 9

Events in Women’s History

1431 – Investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.


Jennie Churchill c. 1880 (source)

Jennie Churchill c. 1880 (source)

1624 – Empress Meishō of Japan, the seventh of eight women to become Empress regnant of Japan (d. 1696)

1773 – Cassandra Austen, English painter (d. 1845)

1848 – Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)

1854 – Lady Randolph Churchill, American-born wife of Lord Randolph Churchill, born Jeanette Jerome and called Jennie, mother of Sir Winston Churchill (d. 1921)

1856 – Lizette Woodworth Reese, American poet (d. 1935)

1857 – Anna Kuliscioff, Jewish Russian revolutionary, feminist and anarchist (d. 1925)

1858 – Elizabeth Britton, American botanist, bryologist and educator, involved in the fundraising and creation of the New York Botanical Garden (d. 1934)

1859 – Carrie Chapman Catt, American suffragist, President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, founded the League of Women Voters and International Alliance of Women (d. 1947)

1875 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and art collector, founded the Whitney Museum of American Art (d. 1942)

1892 – Eva Bowring, American politician, appointed to finish the term of Dwight Griswold in the US Senate (d. 1985)

1898 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian-born American silent film actress (d. 1991)

1898 – Dame Gracie Fields, English-born Italian actress and singer (d. 1979)

1908 – Simone de Beauvoir, French author (d. 1986)

1909 – Herva Nelli, Italian-American soprano (d. 1994)

1911 – Gypsy Rose Lee, American dancer, actress, and author (d. 1970)

1938 – Claudette Boyer, Canadian politician (d. 2013)

1939 – Susannah York, English actress (d. 2011)

1940 – Barbara Buczek, Polish composer (d. 1993)

1940 – Ruth Dreifuss, Swiss politician, 151st President of the Swiss Confederation

1941 – Joan Baez, American singer-songwriter and activist

1959 – Rigoberta Menchu Tum, Guatemalan, K’iche’ activist for the rights of indigenous peoples, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992 and the Prince of Asturias Award in 1998, UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador


1514Anna, Duchess of Brittany and Queen consort of France as wife of Charles VIII and Louis XII (b. 1477)

1799Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1718)

1848Caroline Herschel, German-English astronomer (b. 1750)

1923 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand author (b. 1888)

1960 – Elsie J. Oxenham, English author (b. 1880)

1961 – Emily Greene Balch, American economist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for her work with the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (b. 1867)

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Caroline Herschel at age 92

Caroline Herschel at age 92 (source)

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