Although 25 years too late, on July 7, 1456, Joan of Arc was declared innocent of the crimes she had been accused of. The retrial was the result of a request from Jean Brehal and Isabelle Romée, Joan’s mother. Brehal, the Inquisitor-General, continued an investigation begun by a priest and filed a formal appeal in November of 1455.
The retrial involved a panel of theologians from across Europe and examined testimony from 115 witnesses. Joan was vindicated and described as a martyr. They decided that Pierre Cauchon, the Bishop who had facilitated Joan’s purchase for the English and trial, was guilty of heresy in convicting an innocent woman.
Find out what else happened on July 7 in Women’s History.