July 1

Events in Women’s History

Princess Alice in her wedding dress

Princess Alice in her wedding dress in 1862 by Franz Xaver Winterhalter (source)

1862 – Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria, marries Prince Louis of Hesse, the future Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse.


George Sand

George Sand in 1864. Photo by Nadar (source)

1776 – Marie Françoise Sophie Gay, a French author who held a prestigious salon in Paris. Her works include the novels Leonie de Montbreuse and Anatole (d. 1852)

1804 – George Sand, pseudonym of Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin, French author, controversial in her day for her writing, dressing in men’s clothing, smoking and well publicized affairs  (d. 1876)

1834 – Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)

1858 – Alice Barber Stephens, painter, engraver and illustrator (d. 1932)

1873 – Alice Guy-Blaché, French filmmaker, one of the first women directors (d. 1968)

1876 – Susan Glaspell, an American Pulitzer Prize winning playwright, as well as actress, director, novelist, biographer, poet, and journalist. (d. 1948)

1885 – Dorothea Mackellar, Australian author and poet, best-known for the poem My Country (d. 1968)

1886 – Gabrielle Robinne, French stage and film actress, 60+ year career, made an Officer of the Legion of Honor (d. 1980)

1887 – Amber Reeves, New Zealand- born British author, socialist and feminist; given the choice between being presented at court or going to Cambridge, she chose Cambridge. (d. 1981)

1901 – Irna Phillips, American actress and writer; she created and scripted many early and long-running American soap operas including Guiding Light, As the World Turns, and Love is a Many Splendored Thing. (d. 1973)

1903 – Amy Johnson, British pilot, set numerous long-distance records, member of the Air Transport Auxiliary during WWII; she died during a ferry flight. (d. 1941)

1904 – Mary Steichen Calderone, physician and public health advocate for sexual education, medical director for Planned Parenthood (d. 1998)

1906Estée Lauder, American businesswoman, co-founder the Estée Lauder Companies, one of Time magazine’s 20 most influential business geniuses of 1998, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, member of the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame (d. 2004)

1912 – Sally Kirkland, American writer and editor, fashion editor at Vogue and Life magazines (d. 1989)

1914 – Christl Cranz, alpine skier, winner of 12 World Championship titles in the 1930s (d. 2004)

1915 – Jean Stafford, American short story writer (d. 1979)

1916 – Olivia de Havilland, British actress

1931 – Leslie Caron, French actress and dancer

1946Mireya Moscoso, Panamanian politician, first woman elected President of Panama


Saigo-no-Tsubone (1562-1589), or Lady Saigo, first consort of Tokugawa Ieyasu

Saigo-no-Tsubone (1562-1589), or Lady Saigo, first consort of Tokugawa Ieyasu (source)

1589 — Saigo-no-Tsubone, or Lady Saigō, Japanese first consort of Tokugawa Ieyasu(b. 1552)

1819 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752) preached sexual abstinence to the “Society of Universal Friends”

1896 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American abolitionist and writer (b. 1811)

1931 – Alice Mary Robertson, educator, social worker and politician. She was the second woman to serve in the US Congress and the only woman from Oklahoma until 2006 (b. 1854)

1944 – Tanya Savicheva, Russian child author who kept a diary of her life during the Siege of Leningrad, WWII (b. 1930)

1985 – The Reverend Dr. Anna Pauline “Pauli” Murray, American civil rights activist, lawyer, and author. She was also the first black woman ordained an Episcopal priest. (b. 1910)

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