July 13

Events in Women’s History

Charlotte Corday by Jean-Jacques Hauer (source)

Charlotte Corday by Jean-Jacques Hauer (source)

1793 – Charlotte Corday stabs Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat in his bathtub. She was tried and executed on July 17. She maintained that she had carried out the assassination alone, but believing that she had an accomplice who was a lover, her body was autopsied. It was found that she was virgo intacta.

Births

Caroline of Baden (source)

Caroline of Baden (source)

1776 – Caroline of Baden, Electress of Bavaria and Queen of Bavaria as wife of Maximilian I Joseph (d. 1841)

1798 – Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress consort of Russia as wife of Nicholas I, mother of Tsar Alexander II (d. 1860)

1863 – Margaret Alice Murray, British Egyptologist, anthropologist and feminist, worked closely with Sir Flinder Petrie in Egyptology, promoted the Witch-cult hypothesis which, although widely disputed, had an effect on the development of Neopagan religions including Wicca (d. 1963)

1889 – Emma Asson, Estonian politician, educator and author, one of the first women elected to the Estonian parliament, contributed to the first constitution of Estonia especially in regards to education and gender equality, wrote the first textbook in the Estonian language (d. 1965)

1889 – Louise Mountbatten, Queen consort of Sweden as wife of Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1965)

1913 – Kay Linaker, American actress and screenwriter, known as a screenwriter for the movie The Blob and for coining the name, volunteered as an English teacher and drama coach at a school for exceptional children (d. 2008)

1918 – Marcia Brown, American author and illustrator, recipient of three Caldecott Medals and the American Library Association’s Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal for her contributions to children’s literature

1921 – Git Gay, screen name for Birgit Carp, Swedish actress, singer and revue director (d. 2007)

1927 – Simone Veil, French lawyer and politician, served as the French Minister of Health, the President of the European Parliament, and as a member of the Constitutional Council of France

1929 – Sofia Muratova, Soviet gymnast and Olympic medalist, won five World Championship medals and eight Olympic medals in gymnastics (d. 2006)

1930 – Naomi Shemer, Israeli singer-songwriter, referred to as the “first lady of Israeli song and poetry”, known for her song Yerushlayim Shel Zahav (“Jerusalem of Gold”) (d. 2004)

1935 – Monique Vézina, Canadian politician

Deaths

Frida Kahlo with Diego Rivera in 1932 by Carl Van Vechten (source)

Frida Kahlo with Diego Rivera in 1932 by Carl Van Vechten (source)

1883 – Ranavalona II, Queen regnant of Madagascar from 1868 to her death, succeeded Queen Rasoherina, known for Christianizing the royal court (b. 1829)

1945 – Alla Nazimova, Russian-American actress, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1879)

1952Marie Equi, American physician, lesbian, abortion provider, suffragist, and labor activist; she spoke against US involvement in WWI and was imprisoned under the Sedition Act for a three-year term; she was recognized by Theodore Roosevelt for her services during the 1906 earthquake in San Francisco. (b. 1872)

1954 – Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter, best-known for her self-portraits, considered emblematic of national and indigenous tradition; her work is described as surrealist. (b. 1907)

1960 – Joy Davidman, American poet and author; after divorce and conversion to Christianity, she traveled to England where she met and married C. S. Lewis. The film and play Shadowlands is based on their relationship. (b. 1915)

2014Nadine Gordimer, South African writer and political activist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1991. Her works, such as Burger’s Daughter and July’s People, dealt with moral and racial issues revolving around apartheid in South Africa and were originally banned there. (b. 1923)

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