July 19

Events in Women’s History

Lucretia Mott by Joseph Kyle c. 1841

Lucretia Mott by Joseph Kyle c. 1841 (source)

1553 – Mary I takes the throne of England, replacing Lady Jane Grey after only nine days of reign.

1848 – The two-day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York. Although Elizabeth Cady Stanton is most often associated with the convention, Lucretia Mott is sometimes referred to as “the moving spirit of the occasion.”

Births

Princess Augusta of Cambridge

Princess Augusta of Cambridge (source)

1759 – Marianna Auenbrugger, Austrian pianist and composer, highly regarded in Vienna; she and her sister, Caterina Franziska were students of Joseph Haydn and Antonio Salieri; Haydn dedicated a cycle of sonatas to the sisters and Salieri published Marianna’s Keyboard Sonata in E-flat at his own expense. (d. 1782)

1822 – Princess Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz as wife of Frederick William (d. 1916)

1860 – Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer; she was tried and acquitted, but speculation continues today. (d. 1927)

1868 – Florence Foster Jenkins, American amateur operatic soprano, known for her lack of singing ability, popular primarily for the amusement she provided (d. 1945)

1907 – Isabel Jewell, American stage and film actress, popular during the 1930s and 40s, known for her role as Gloria Stone in Lost Horizon and as “that white trash, Emmy Slattery” in Gone with the Wind (d. 1972)

1916 – Eve Merriam, American poet and playwright, published a wide range of literature, known for inspiring poetry for children, recipient of the Yale Younger Poets Prize for her first book Family Circle (d. 1992)

1921Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American medical physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (d. 2011)

Deaths

Laura Martinozzi, artist unknown (source)

Laura Martinozzi, artist unknown (source)

1415Philippa of Lancaster,  Queen consort of Portugal as wife of John I; her children became known as the “Illustrious Generation” (b. 1359)

1543Mary Boleyn, sister of Anne Boleyn, mistress of both Henry VIII and Francis I of France; a secret marriage to William Stafford angered Henry and her sister Anne resulting in her banishment from court. (b. c. 1499)

1687 – Laura Martinozzi, Duchess consort of Modena as wife of Alfonso IV d’Este, regent for her son after Alfonso’s death (b. 1637)

1810 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen consort of Prussia as wife of Frederick William III, known for her meeting with Napoleon I to plead for favorable terms for Prussia after her defeat in the Napoleonic Wars (b. 1776)

1850 – Margaret Fuller, American journalist, author, book critic and women’s rights advocate, known for her book Woman in the Nineteenth Century (b. 1810)

1939 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American author and poet, known primarily for her poem Curfew Must Not Ring Tonight (b. 1850)

1943 – Yekaterina Budanova, Russian fighter pilot, member of the Soviet Air Force during WWII and one of the world’s two female fighter aces (with Lydia Litvyak) (b. 1916)

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