Events in Women’s History
1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots, is forced to abdicate and replaced by her son James VI.
1868 — Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin founded the Association Internationale des Femmes, the first women’s organization in Switzerland. It was concerned with women’s rights and peace.
1561 – Maria of the Palatinate-Simmern, German Princess by birth, Swedish Princess and Duchess of Södermanland as wife of the future Charles IX of Sweden; she died before Charles became king (d. 1589)
1720 – Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, Queen of Sweden as wife of Adolf Frederick, younger sister of Frederick the Great, mother of Gustav III and Charles XIII, Kings of Sweden (d. 1782)
1738 – Betje Wolff, Elizabeth “Betje”Wolff-Bekker, Dutch author and poet, published her first collection in 1763; her greatest successes were the epistolary novels she published with Aagje Deken. (d. 1804)
1860 – Princess Charlotte of Prussia, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen as wife of Bernhard III (d. 1919)
1866 — Mary Margaret Bartelme, American lawyer, judge, suffragist, first women elected judge in an Illinois court of high jurisdiction. She helped establish the Chicago juvenile court system and worked on issues of female delinquency. (d. 1954)
1876 – Jean Webster, pseudonym for Alice Jane Chandler Webster, American author, known for likeable female protagonists and biting social commentary, works include Daddy-Long-Legs and Dear Enemy (d. 1916)
1897 – Amelia Earhart, American pilot and author, first female pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, recipient of the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross, member of the National Women’s Party and supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment; she disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to circumnavigate the globe. (d. 1937)
1900 – Zelda Fitzgerald, American author, wife of F. Scott Fitzgerald and author of the semi-autobiographical novel Save Me the Waltz; in response, Scott published Tender Is the Night, giving contrasting views of their relationship. (d. 1948)
1912 – Essie Summers, New Zealand author, known for vivid portrayals of the people and landscape of New Zealand (d. 1998)
1920 – Bella Abzug, American lawyer, politician, social and women’s rights activist, co-founder National Women’s Political Caucus, member United States House of Representatives (d. 1998)
1922 – Madeleine Ferron, Canadian author, government commissioner and radio show host; in addition to full length works, she wrote for several magazines including Châtelaine and L’actualité. (d. 2010)
1927 – Zara Mints, Russian literary scholar, specialized in the works of poet Aleksandr Blok (d. 1990)
1936 – Ruth Buzzi, American stage, film and television actress and comedian, known for her performances on the Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In
1940 — Cynthia Moss, American conservationist, wildlife biologist, elephant behavior specialist, and Director of the Amboseli ElephantResearch Project in Kenya.
1115 – Matilda of Tuscany, or Matilda of Canossa, known for her military accomplishments and personally leading her troops, supporter of Pope Gregory VII, sometimes called la Gran Contessa (b. 1046)
1954 – Mary Church Terrell, African-American author, activist and educator; after receiving both bachelors and masters degrees at Oberlin college, she taught at Wilberforce College and at the secondary school level. (b. 1863)