Events in Women’s History
1554 – Mary I marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral
1978 – Louise Brown, the world’s first human born via in vitro fertilization, IVF.
1984 – Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a spacewalk as a cosmonaut aboard Salyut 7.
2007 – Pratibha Patil was sworn in as India’s first female president.
1775 – Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison, wife of William Harrison, 9th President of the United States, grandmother of President Benjamin Harrison; she never took her place as First Lady because her husband died 30 days after taking office before she could arrive in Washington. (d. 1864)
1797 – Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess of Cambridge as wife of Prince Adolphus, maternal grandmother of Mary of Teck (d. 1889)
1806 – Maria Weston Chapman, American abolitionist and editor of the anti-slavery journal Non-Resistant (d. 1885)
1840 – Flora Adams Darling, American author, historian, organizer, instrumental in the founding of the Daughters of the American Revolution (d. 1910)
1860 – Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia, Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn as wife of Prince Arthur, Viceregal consort of Canada (d. 1917)
1871 – Margaret Floy Washburn, American psychologist, known for her work in animal behavior and motor theory, first woman granted a PhD in psychology in the US, second woman to serve as American Psychological Association President (d. 1939)
1873 – Anne Tracy Morgan, American philanthropist and author, known for her eforts to aid France during and after WWI and WWII, first American woman appointed a commander of the French Legion of Honor (d. 1952)
1896 – Josephine Tey, Scottish author, known for mystery novels and historical plays written under the name Gordon Daviot (d. 1952)
1901 – Ruth Krauss, American author, known for children’s book such as The Carrot Seed and poems for adults (d. 1993)
1918 – Jane Frank, American painter and sculptor, also known for work in mixed media and textile art (d. 1986)
1920 – Rosalind Franklin, British scientist, made contributions to the understanding of the molecular structure of DNA which was foundational for the work of Watson and Crick (d. 1958)
1923 – Estelle Getty, stage name of Estelle Scher-Gettleman, American stage, film and television actress, best known for her role as Sophia Petrillo on The Golden Girls, recipient of Emmy and Golden Globe awards (d. 2008)
1923 – Maria Gripe, Swedish writer, known for children and young adult books, recipient of the Hans Christian Andersen Medal (d. 2007)
1927 – Midge Decter, American journalist, editor, and author, neo-conservative, founder of the Independent Women’s Forum, member board of trustees for the Heritage Foundation
1930 – Maureen Forrester, Canadian operatic contralto, recipient of many honors and awards including being made a Companion of the Order of Canada and an Officer of the National Order of Quebec (d. 2010)
1930 – Alice Parizeau, Polish-Canadian author, journalist and essayist, associated with the sovereignty movement in Quebec; after being made an Officer of the Order of Canada, she was criticized for accepting the honor. (d. 1990)
1866 – Floride Calhoun, Second Lady of the United States as wife of Vice-President John C. Calhoun, known for her role in the “Petticoat affair” during the administration of Andrew Jackson (b. 1792)