July 25

Events in Women’s History

Stamp depicting Svetlana Savitskaya with her fellow cosmonauts from Salyut 7 (source)

Stamp depicting Svetlana Savitskaya with her fellow cosmonauts from Salyut 7 (source)

1554 – Mary I marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral

1978 – Louise Brown, the world’s first human born via in vitro fertilization, IVF.

1984 – Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a spacewalk as a cosmonaut aboard Salyut 7.

2007 – Pratibha Patil was sworn in as India’s first female president.

Births

Princess Louise Marguerite of Prussia c. 1907 by James Lafayette (source)

Princess Louise Marguerite of Prussia c. 1907 by James Lafayette (source)

1775 – Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison, wife of William Harrison, 9th President of the United States, grandmother of President Benjamin Harrison; she never took her place as First Lady because her husband died 30 days after taking office before she could arrive in Washington. (d. 1864)

1797 – Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess of Cambridge as wife of Prince Adolphus, maternal grandmother of Mary of Teck (d. 1889)

1806 – Maria Weston Chapman, American abolitionist and editor of the anti-slavery journal Non-Resistant (d. 1885)

1840 – Flora Adams Darling, American author, historian, organizer, instrumental in the founding of the Daughters of the American Revolution (d. 1910)

1860 – Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia, Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn as wife of Prince Arthur, Viceregal consort of Canada  (d. 1917)

1871 – Margaret Floy Washburn, American psychologist, known for her work in animal behavior and motor theory, first woman granted a PhD in psychology in the US, second woman to serve as American Psychological Association President (d. 1939)

1873 – Anne Tracy Morgan, American philanthropist and author, known for her eforts to aid France during and after WWI and WWII, first American woman appointed a commander of the French Legion of Honor (d. 1952)

1896 – Josephine Tey, Scottish author, known for mystery novels and historical plays written under the name Gordon Daviot (d. 1952)

1901 – Ruth Krauss, American author, known for children’s book such as The Carrot Seed and poems for adults (d. 1993)

1918 – Jane Frank, American painter and sculptor, also known for work in mixed media and textile art (d. 1986)

1920 – Rosalind Franklin, British scientist, made contributions to the understanding of the molecular structure of DNA which was foundational for the work of Watson and Crick (d. 1958)

1923 – Estelle Getty, stage name of Estelle Scher-Gettleman, American stage, film and television actress, best known for her role as Sophia Petrillo on The Golden Girls, recipient of Emmy and Golden Globe awards (d. 2008)

1923 – Maria Gripe, Swedish writer, known for children and young adult books, recipient of the Hans Christian Andersen Medal (d. 2007)

1927 – Midge Decter, American journalist, editor, and author, neo-conservative, founder of the Independent Women’s Forum, member board of trustees for the Heritage Foundation

1930 – Maureen Forrester, Canadian operatic contralto, recipient of many honors and awards including being made a Companion of the Order of Canada and an Officer of the National Order of Quebec (d. 2010)

1930 – Alice Parizeau, Polish-Canadian author, journalist and essayist, associated with the sovereignty movement in Quebec; after being made an Officer of the Order of Canada, she was criticized for accepting the honor. (d. 1990)

Deaths

Floride Calhoun (source)

Floride Calhoun (source)

1866 – Floride Calhoun, Second Lady of the United States as wife of Vice-President John C. Calhoun, known for her role in the “Petticoat affair” during the administration of Andrew Jackson (b. 1792)

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