Events in Women’s History
1565 – Mary, Queen of Scots, marries Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1864 – Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison.
1974 – The Episcopal Church of the U.S. ordains eleven women as priests. Initially opposed by the House of Bishops, the ordinations received approval from the General Convention of the Episcopal Church in September 1976.
1981 – A worldwide television audience of over 700 million people watch the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul’s Cathedral in London.
1742 – Isabella Graham, Scottish-American educator and philantrhopist, founder of the Penny Society (society for the Relief of the Destitute Sick) in Scotland; in New York, founded or co-founded the Society for the Relieft of Poor Widows, the Orphan Asylum Society and the Society for Promoting Industry among the Poor. (d. 1814)
1884 – Eunice Tietjens, American author, poet, lecturer and editor, WWI correspondent for the Chicago Daily News, published in and later editor at Poetry: A Magazine of Verse (d. 1944)
1846 – Sophie Menter, German pianist and composer; a student of Franz Liszt, some considered her one of the greatest piano virtuosos of her time. (d. 1918)
1846 – Isabel Orleans-Bragança, Princess Imperial of Brazil. While acting as regent for her father signed the Golden Law on May 13, 1888 which emancipated all slaves in Brazil. (d. 1921)
1876 – Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian actress, famous in Russia as a young woman and successful later in Hollywood as an older woman (d. 1949)
1885 – Theda Bara, American silent film actress, one of the most popular during her time, known for her femme fatale roles, nicknames The Vamp (d. 1955)
1906 – Diana Vreeland, French-American columnist and editor, worked for Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue, special consultant at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (d. 1989)
1918 – Mary Lee Settle, American author, National Book Award recipient for the novel Blood Tie, founder of the PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction (d. 2005)
1924 – Elizabeth Short, American waitress and murder victim, “The Black Dalia”; her unsolved case is one of the oldest and most publicized in Los Angeles history (d. 1947)
1932 – Nancy Landon Kassebaum, American politician, first woman in the United States elected to a full term in the Senate without her husband preceding her in Congress
1936 – Elizabeth Dole, American politician, United States Senator, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Transportation
1692 – Sarah Good, American woman accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials (b. 1653) – new style date
1974 – Cass Elliot, American singer, member of The Mamas & the Papas, solo artist, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee (b. 1941)
1994 – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British chemist, developed protein crystallography, confirmed the structure of penicillin and determined the structure of B12 and insulin, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964, the Order of Merit and the Lenin Peace Prize among others (b. 1910)