July 5

Events in Women’s History

Bikini girl from a roman villa

“Bikini girl” from the Villa Romana del Casale, dated to the 4th century CE

1946 – The bikini goes on sale after debut during an outdoor fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris France. The photo from the fashion show is under copyright. Check it at the source, modeled by Micheline Bernardini.

Births

Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France c. 1571 by François Clouet (source)

Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France c. 1571 by François Clouet (source)

1321 – Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland as wife of David II, born in the Tower of London as the daughter of Edward II of England and Isabella of France (d. 1362)

1554 – Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France as wife of Charles IX, daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain (d. 1592)

1670 – Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg, Princess of Neuburg and Duchess of Parma (d. 1748)

1675 – Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials (d. 1719)

1755 – Sarah Siddons, British actress, known for her portrayal of Lady Macbeth (d. 1831)

1857 – Clara Zetkin, German Marxist theorist and activist, advocate for women’s rights, one of the organizers of the first International Women’s Day in 1910; the Clara Zetkin Medal is awarded to honor women active in women’s rights. (d. 1933)

1879 – Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist, first person to record Bach’s Goldberg Variations on the  harpsichord, instrumental in reviving the popularity of the instrument in the 20th century  (d. 1959)

1899 – Anna Arnold Hedgeman, American civil rights leader, author, lecturer and educator, first African American woman to hold a mayoral cabinet post in New York, YWCA executive director, executive secretary of the National Council for a Permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC), assistant dean of women at Howard University (d. 1990)

1914 – Gerda Gilboe, Danish actress; her breakthrough came when she successfully played Eliza in My Fair Lady with only five days to learn the part. (d. 2009)

1920 – Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist, New Hampshire state senator and Planning Director, known as the “Grand Dame” or the “Queen Bee” of New Hampshire politics, recipient of the Robert Frost Award and the Susan B. Anthony Award, July 5th is designated Mary Louse Hancock Day in New Hampshire

Deaths

Carole Landis in the film "Topper Returns", 1941 (source)

Carole Landis in the film “Topper Returns”, 1941 (source)

1948 – Carole Landis, American stage and film actress and singer, contract-player for Twentieth Century Fox whose career was cut short by suicide at the age of 29 (b. 1919)

1975 – Gilda Dalla Rizza, Italian soprano, regarded as Giacomo Puccini’s favorite soprano (b. 1892)

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