July 8

Events in Women’s History

Our Lady of Kazan

Our Lady of Kazan (source)

1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, is discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan. According to tradition, its location was revealed to a young girl named Matrona by the Blessed Virgin Mary.

1948 – The United States Navy accepts its first female recruits after the signing of the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act in June. Prior to this women could only serve in the armed services during times of war.

Births

Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen by Joseph Karl Stieler

Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen by Joseph Karl Stieler (source)

1593 – Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter, considered one of the most accomplished painters of her generation, known for painting strong and suffering women from myth  (d. 1653)

1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Queen of Bavaria. Her wedding to Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria was the occasion of the first Oktoberfest in 1810. (d. 1854)

1821 – Maria White Lowell, American poet and abolitionist, advocate for temperance and women’s rights (d. 1853)

1830 – Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg, Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Russia as wife of Nicholas Constantinovich (d. 1911)

1844 – Mary Bailey Lincoln, American author and educator, pioneer in domestic science, author of Mrs. Lincoln’s Boston Cook Book: What to Do and What Not to Do in Cooking (d. 1921)

1862 – Ella Reeve “Mother” Bloor, a labor organizer and activist in American socialist and communist movements (d. 1951)

1867 – Käthe Kollwitz, German painter, printmaker and sculptor, known for depicting the tragedy of war, poverty, and hunger (d. 1945)

1926 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss psychiatrist and author, known for the theory of the five stages of grief and her book On Death and Dying, inducted into the American National Women’s Hall of Fame in 2007 (d. 2004)

1929 – Shirley Ann Grau, National Book Award nominee, recipient of the 1965 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Keepers of the House

1934 – Raquel Correa, Chilean journalist, recipient of Chile’s National Journalism Award in 1991 (d. 2012)

Deaths

Queen Kamāmalu c. 1824 by John Hayter (source)

Queen Kamāmalu c. 1824 by John Hayter (source)

1824 – Kamāmalu, Queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii as wife of Kamehameha II, died of measles on a trip to England with her husband (b. 1802)

1950 – Siti binti Saad, musical pioneer born in Zanzibar, known for work in the taraab genre; during a time when most popular singers were men and sang in Arabic, she sang in Swahili. (b. 1880)

1957 – Grace Coolidge, American wife of Calvin Coolidge, First Lady of the United States as wife of Calvin Coolidge (b. 1879)

1967 – Vivien Leigh, British stage and film actress, recipient of two Academy Awards for Best Actress, known for her role as Scarlett O’Hara in Gone with the Wind and Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire (b. 1913)

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